Tata Group is an Indian multinational company founded in 1868 by Jamsetji Tata. It is headquartered in Mumbai and is one of the largest conglomerates in the world owned by Tata Sons today. It has operations running in more than 100 countries across 5 continents.
One of the factors that set Tata apart is that each of the Tata companies is independent under the guidance and supervision of its own board of directors & shareholders. Tata Group recorded revenue of $113 billion for the financial year 2019.
|Founded||1868; 152 years ago|
|Headquarters||Bombay House, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India|
|Products||Automotive, Airlines, Chemicals, Defense, FMCG, Electric Utility, Finance, Home appliances, Hospitality industry, IT Services, Retail, E-commerce, Real estate, Steel, Telecom|
|Revenue||US$113 billion (2019)|
|Number of employees||722,281 (2019)|
The chairman of Tata Sons is also the chairman of Tata Group. There have been 7 chairmen since 1868-2020.
The Taj Mahal Palace and Tower was the first luxury hotel in India. Jamsetji Tata, an entrepreneur and philanthropist, had a great vision for the commercial and the academic sector of India. His leadership and innovation have propelled the growth of the Tata group.
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After Jamsetji Tata died in 1904, his son Sir Dorab Tata took over as chairman of the group. Under Sir Dorab’s leadership, Tata undertakes new ventures like steel, electricity, education, aviation and consumer goods. After his death in 1932, Sir Nowroji Saklatwala held chair and around 6 years later Jehangir Ratanji Dadabhoy Tata (JRD Tata) became the chairman. He roped in other blooming industries like the chemicals, technology, marketing, engineering, cosmetics, Manufacturing, tea and software services. It was during this time that Tata Group received international attention.
In 1945, the Tata group established Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) for the manufacturing of engineering and locomotive products. In 2003, this same company was renamed as Tata Motors. Ratan Tata, JRD Tata’s nephew, took over as chairman in 1991. He is known as India’s greatest entrepreneurs because of his business and leadership skills. Under his leadership, Tata Group grew by leaps and bounds. He globalised Tata’s business like never before. In 2000, Tata acquired London-based Tetley Tea. In 200, Tata Group along with American International Group Inc. (AIG) created the Tata-AIG. In 2004, Tata purchased South Korea’s Daewoo Motors- a truck manufacturing operation.
Under Ratan Tata’s innovative skills, Tata Steel acquired the great Anglo-Dutch steel manufacturer Corus Group. This was the greatest corporate takeover ever done by any Indian company. In 2008, Tata Motors was in headlines for months because of its official launching of Tata Nano. This was the one car that appealed to both lower-middle-class and the middle class of the country in a way nothing else in the automotive industry did. The car was being sold for a price as less as $1500 to $3000. It was popularly known as the ‘People’s Car’.
In the same year, Tata Motors also purchased famous British brands like Jaguar and Land Rover from the Ford Motor Company. In 2017, the Tata Group announced that it was looking forward to its European steelmaking operations to merge with ThyssenKrupp- a German steelmaking company. The deal was finalised in 2018, thereby giving birth to Europe’s second-largest company after ArcelorMittal.
In terms of stocks, the shares of tata chemical went 10% high and hit the newest record of Rs. 738 in intra-day trade on the National Stock Exchange. In the last few months, the stock of tata group commodity chemicals manufacturer has increased 100%.
On the other hand, Tata Sons – the promoter company of tata chemicals has increased its stakes in the company via open Market purchases. On December 4, 2020, Tata Sons managed to buy 2.57 million equity shares, which represents almost 1% equity of Tata Chemicals. This was priced at Rs. 471.88/ share on the NSE through bulk deal. Before that, Tata Sons bought 1.8 million equity shares on December 2, 2020, which represents 0.71% equity of Tata Chemicals.
This was done at the price of Rs. 420.92/share on the NSE through bulk deal. In the September quarter of 2020, Tata Sons upsurged its holding from 29.39% to 31.90% in Tata Chemicals.
During the quarter of October to December (Q3FY21), Tata Chemicals claimed to experience a sequential enhancement in demand, despite the firm navigating its margin pressures through the agile execution of cost efficiencies. In the forthcoming quarters, they are expecting a massive recovery in terms of demand and production.
Here’s a list of companies under Tata Group with their services. Their annual revenue is mentioned below:
|Tata Group of Companies||Sector||Revenue (Crores)|
|Tata Consultancy Services||IT Services company||Rs. 1.62 lakh crores (2020)|
|Tata Steel||Steel production company||Rs. 1.42 lakh crores (2020)|
|Tata Motors||Automobile manufacturing company||Rs. 2.64 lakh crores (2020)|
|Tata Chemicals||Producing basic chemistry products, consumer and speciality products||Rs. 10,667 crores (2020)|
|Tata Power||Involved in conventional and renewable energy sources, power generation services, etc||Rs. 29,698 crore (2020)|
|Tata Communications||Digital infrastructure||Rs. 17,137 crores (2020)|
|Tata Consumer Products||Dealing with food and beverages under one umbrella||Rs. 9749 crores (2020)|
|Tata Capital||Dealing with retail, corporate and institutional customers||Rs. 780 crores (2019)|
|The Indian Hotels Company||IHCL has 170 hotels including Taj Hotel under its franchise||Rs. 4595 crores (2019)|
Tata Consultancy Services were incorporated in 1968. Set up by the Tata Sons Ltd., it was a division that meant to support the Electronic Information Handling (EDP) requirements and provide the executives counselling administrations. In the 1971, the first worldwide task was commenced. Later, in 1974, the organization spearheaded the global conveyance model for IT administrations with their first seaward customer. Settled in Mumbai, TCS has been working through 285 workplaces in 46 nations as 147 conveyance communities in 21 nations. Tata Consultancy ranked among the top 10 global IT service providers in the world. In the 50th year since its founding, TCS was recognized among the top 3 brands in IT Services globally and top 60 brands in the United States. In 2018, TCS signed various industry-defining deals including the largest loT deal with Rolls Royce.
Tata Steel is one of the most popular steel-producing companies in the world today. The organization is a broadened steel maker with significant activities in India, Europe and South East Asia. The organization also holds fabricating units in 26 nations and a business presence in more than 50 nations. It is spread over 5 continents with an employee base of over 65,000. It acquired Corus in the European market in 2007 and established itself there. It supplies high-quality strip steel to the Netherlands, UK and across Europe for automotive, construction, engineering and packaging. In 2004, Tata Steel established a presence in South-East Asia with the acquisition of NatSteel in Singapore. In 2005, it acquired a big stake in a Thailand-based steelmaker called Millennium Steel. Today, the organization includes finding and mining iron metal coal ferro composites and different minerals; planning and assembling of plants and hardware for steel oil and flammable gas energy, force mining rail lines, aeronautics and space enterprises.
Consolidated in 1945, Tata Motors Ltd., first came up with the name of Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co. Ltd. For assembling trains and other designing items. Tata Motors has established its hold and R&D centres across India, UK, Italy and South Korea. In India, Tata Motors appears to be the market leader in the field of commercial vehicles. It is also among the top passenger vehicle manufacturers with more than 9 million vehicles on the road. With design and R&D centres located in India, the UK, Italy and Korea, Tata Motors strives to pioneer new products that inspire the imagination of GenNext customers. It's operations run in the UK, South Korea, South Africa, Indonesia and Thailand with 109 subsidiaries and companies including Jaguar Land Rover and Tata Daewoo. It also signed an MoU with the Government of Maharashtra for 1000 Electric Vehicles for passenger and commercial vehicles in the state.
The organization’s works on auto, incorporate data innovation, IT administrations development, hardware producing machine instruments, plant robotization arrangements, high-accuracy tooling and electronic as well as plastic parts for specific applications.
Tata Chemicals started in 1939 in Gujarat and today is the 3rd largest producer of soda ash in the world. This one is a worldwide spread organization with interests in puts attention on LIFE – living modern and cultivating basics. It has its operations running in North America, Europe, Asia and Africa. Its products and services reach to over 148 million households in India through salt, spices and pulses and Speciality Products services covers around 80% of districts in India with over 9 million farmers being benefitted.
Tata Power Ltd., is the biggest coordinated private force organization of India that has a prevalent presence across the world. Tata power charged its first hydro-electric force creating station in 1915 that was placed at Khopoli. This station had a limit of 40 MW, which was later increased to 72 MW. It is India's largest integrated power company with 2.6 million distribution consumers. It has remained India's #1 Solar Epc company for over 4 years in a row. It has installed the world's largest solar carport of 2.67 Mw at Cochin International Airport.
Tata's Consumer Products is the creator of great brands like Tata Tea, Tata Salt and Tata Sampann. It has a combined reach of over 200 million households in India. In the beverages business, Tata's consumer products are the second-largest supplier in branded tea in the world. It has more than 300 million servings every day across the world. Brands included Tata Tea, Tetley, Vitax, Himalayan Natural Mineral Water, Tata Coffee Grand and Joekels. More than 60% of the solidified Income comes from businesses set up in different sectors outside India. Tata Global Beverages has a joint endeavour with Starbucks, called Tata Starbucks Limited. The organization additionally has a joint venture with PepsiCo, called NourishCo Beverages Ltd., which produces non-carbonated, prepared-to-drink refreshments that emphasise on wellbeing and enhanced health.
Earlier known as Videsh Sanchar Nigam Ltd., Tata Communications is present in more than 200 countries in the world today. It connects businesses to 60% of the world's cloud giants and is listed in The Bombay Stock Exchange and National Stock Exchange with the market capitalisation of $2.72 billion. Its services reach more than 400 million people globally.
Tata Capital is the financial services company of the Tata Group and is registered with the Reserve Bank of India as a Systemically Important Non-Deposit Accepting Core Investment Company. An auxiliary of Tata Sons Limited, Tata Capital was established in 2007. It is the monetary administration of the $108 billion worth Tata Group. This firm holds Tata Capital Financial Services Limited (TCFSL), Tata Securities Limited, and Tata Capital Housing Finance Limited. It servers corporate, retail, and institutional clients through TCFSL. Its business covers commercial finance, infrastructure finance, Wealth Management, consumer loans and others. Tata Capital has over 190 branches.
Indian Hotels Company Limited (IHCL) is Tata Group's iconic brand. The IHCL and their auxiliaries are altogether known as Taj Hotel Resorts and Palaces and are perceived as one of Asia’s biggest and best lodging organizations. It has 170 hotels including Taj Mahal Palace in Mumbai. It has hotels spread over 80 locations in 12 countries spread across 4 continents. IHCL is among South Asia's largest companies for hospitality. The number of the Taj Group of Hotels remains at 145 lodgings with 17145 rooms. The group’s portfolio likewise incorporates 42 lodgings under the Ginger brand, which has a total number of 3763 rooms. In the year 1903, the organization opened their first lodging – The Taj Mahal Palace and Tower Mumbai. The organization, at that point, attempted significant development by building an adjoining tower block and expanding the quantity of rooms from 225 to 565. Taj was named as India's strongest brand for 2020 with Brand Strength Index (BSI) score of 90.5 out of 100 and corresponding elite AAA+ brand strength rating by Brand finance. Company Name| Company Code| NSE Price| BSE Price|
Tata Group's share prices have always been profitable for investors. The share prices depend on the day-to-day market change.
Mentioned below are Tata Group's National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Prices.
|Company Name||NSE Price||BSE Price|
|Tata Consultancy Services Limited||2245.9 (-1.56%)||2251.0 (-1.38%)|
|Tata Steel Limited||372.2 (1.61%)||372.05 (1.54%)|
|Tata Motors Limited||111.7 (6.74%)||112.3 (7.26%)|
|Tata Chemicals Limited||297.6 (-2.65%)||298.2 (-2.42%)|
|The Tata Power Company Limited||48.85 (0.31%)||48.85 (0.31%)|
|The Indian Hotels Company Limited||76.9 (0.72%)||77.0 (0.79%)|
|Tata Consumer Products Limited||435.95 (1.85%)||435.5 (1.82%)|
|Tata Communications Limited||797.7 (5%)||797.75 (4.99%)|
Share Price as on 03rd August 2020
Tata Group’s business has reached to touch millions of lives throughout the world. It’s brand innovation and strategies are some of the greatest business lessons of today.