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Understanding Stock Market Trend

Updated on June 11, 2024 , 4912 views

The stock Market could be considered synonymous to gambling, not just for beginners but experts as well. Therefore, it is essential to comprehend the functionality and methodology of this market before taking any substantial decision.

No, don’t worry, you would not have to take any classes or sit for hours at a stretch researching about stocks; however, a bit of quality research, consideration, and having an expert on your side can do the job. Also, stock market trends are always there to help you figure out the scenario.

So, in case you didn’t know how to understand and analyze these trends, here is an ultimate guide to help you out.

Stock Market Trend

Defining Stock Market Trend

As prevalent as it is, stock prices can be volatile, and it’s not necessary for them to move in one straight line in the short term. However, if you concentrate on long-term patterns of prices, you are going to discover a clear market trend.

Putting it in simple words, a trend is the broader downward or upward movement of the price of a stock over time. The upward movement is known as uptrend; while the ones having a downward movement are known as downtrend stocks. Generally, expert pundits of the market invest more in the stocks that have upward movement and sell the ones with downward movement.

The Importance of Indian Stock Market Trend Analysis

One of the primary reasons behind understanding these recent trends in the stock market is as they tell you which stock may expectedly move down or up and the potential of risk that each one of them could hold. In case you don’t understand these trends, you may end up selling your share before the stock touches the peak; hence, bearing the loss. Similar to that, if you purchase before the prices fall, you may gain a lesser profit than expected.

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Primary Jargons to Understand Stock Trend Indicator

  • Peaks or Tops

    When talking about a peak, you will see several mountains and hills in a stock chart. The tip of it is known as the peak. Since the peak is the highest point, if the price is at its peak, then the stock has touched the highest price.

  • Troughs or Bottoms

    If you turn a mountain upside down, you’ll get a trough or a valley – that’s considered the lowest point. So, in a stock chart, if you see a stock falling to a trough, it means it’s going downtrend and has touched the lowest price.


If there is an uptrend, both the troughs and the peaks of a chart will increase consecutively. Thus, within a period of time, the price of a stock will touch a new height and fall lower in comparison to previous prices.

But, what you must know is that this high is not for life. It could be high in contrast to a few days, weeks, or months. This rise signifies that the market is in a favourable position. This way, you can expect the stock to appreciate rather than depreciating.


A downtrend is one such pattern where the stock falls consistently. In this trend, along with successive peaks but successive troughs are lower as well. This simply means that the investors expect the stock to fall even further.

Even the littlest of the increase in the price will compel investors to sell their existing shares. In these levels, no additional purchasing will happen.

In this trend, stocks don’t move in any direction during a period. Troughs and peaks remain consistent, and there seems to be no substantial move to comprehend whether one should buy the stock or not.

These are such trends that can last for decades altogether. They hold several essential trends within their parameter and can be easily recognized because of their time frame.

Intermediate trends within all primary trends. These ones keep market analysts searching for answers as to why a market instantly headed towards the opposite direction as that of yesterday or even the last week.

The Bottom Line

The entire stock market is made up of different trends. And, it is all about recognizing them that determine how successful you are going to be or how you are going to boom with your investments. Also, these stock market trends work with both short-term and long-term investments; thus, all you require to have is the basic knowledge to make a better decision.

All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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