The stock market refers to public markets that exist for issuing, buying and selling stocks that trade on a stock exchange or over-the-counter. The stock market (also called the share market) gives many avenues to invest money, but this has to be done with analysis (Technical Analysis , fundamental analysis etc) and only then one should take the call of Investing.
Stocks, also known as equities, represent fractional ownership in a company, and the stock market is a place where investors can buy and sell ownership of such investible assets. An efficiently functioning stock market is considered critical to economic development, as it gives companies the ability to quickly access capital from the public.
There are many different players associated with the stock market, including traders, stockbrokers, portfolio managers, stock analysts, and investment bankers. Each has a unique role to play.
Stockbrokers are the licensed professionals who buy and sell securities on behalf of investors. The brokers act as intermediaries between the stock exchanges and the investors by buying and selling stocks on the investors' behalf.
These are the professionals who invest portfolios, or collections of securities, for clients. These managers get recommendations from analysts and make the buy or sell decisions for the portfolio. Mutual Fund companies, hedge fund, and pension plans use portfolio managers to make decisions and set the investment strategies for the money they hold.
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Stock analysts perform research and rate the securities as buy, sell, or hold. This research gets disseminated to clients and interested parties who decide whether to buy or sell the stock.
Investment bankers represent companies in various capacities, such as private companies that want to go public via an IPO or companies that are involved in pending mergers and acquisitions.
The National Stock Exchange of India Limited (NSE) is the leading stock exchange of India, located in Mumbai. The NSE was established in 1992 as the first demutualized electronic exchange in the country. NSE was the first exchange in the country to provide a modern, fully automated screen-based electronic trading system which offered easy trading facility to the investors spread across the length and breadth of the country.
Established in 1875, the BSE (formerly known as Bombay Stock Exchange Ltd.) is Asia’s first stock exchange. It claims to be the world's fastest stock exchange, with a median trade speed of 6 microseconds. The BSE is the world's 10th largest stock exchange with an overall market capitalization of more than $2.3 trillion on as of April 2018.