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Basics of Investing

Updated on June 10, 2024 , 56157 views

Investing means a plan to put your money into an asset or things that you think will increase in value or will have great growth in future. The main idea behind investing is to generate a regular Income or returns in a specific period of time. Many people confuse savings with investments.

Investing is an aggressive way of securing assets or returns, while saving has to do with the liquid money that can be available when required. There are many investing avenues like Stocks, Bonds, Mutual Funds, Fixed Deposits, etc. But, to start investing one has to save first!

Why is Investing Important?

If you want to be financially secured, build wealth, be prepared for an emergency, stay secured during Inflation or meet your Financial goals, then you should- start investing now! It is never too early nor too late to make an investment. One important thing you should practice is to make strong productive use of your Earnings. With time your investment grows and so does your money. For instance, the value of INR 500 will not be same in next 5 years (if invested!) and it may grow to more! Hence, investing is very important for everyone.

Basics of Investing

Start Investing Early

The best way to have the desired goal of money is to save! Remember, being rich is not how much amount of money you earn, but how much amount of money you save. Only when one saves, one can start investing. One way to get closer to your desired goals is to understand the power of compound interest. Compound interest means interest which is not only calculated on the initial principal but also the accumulated interest on prior.

The equation for Compound Interest is P=C(1+r/n)nt;

*P is future value *C is the individual deposit *r is the interest rate *n is the number of times the interest rate is compounded per year *t is the number of years

To Illustrate-

If you invest INR 5000 monthly with annual interest rate of 5% which is compounding quarterly, then after 5 years your total invested amount INR 3,00,000 will grow to INR 3,56,906. Your total earning would be INR 56,906 with average INR 11,381 annually.

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Types of Investing

The two distinct types of investing are traditional and alternative. Traditional investments are popular amongst investors and are essentially done with instruments such as mutual funds, shares, bonds etc. Whereas, Alternative investing is anything that doesn't fit into the mainstream categories of equity or fixed income. Alternative investments are made in gold, hedge funds etc., which are also expected to yield returns.

Traditional Investing

1. Stocks

Investing in stocks or more commonly known as equity is the most common type of investment. Stocks represents ownership in companies and is considered as the best way to own a business without starting or investing in a company. Investors planning to invest in stocks need to first understand its procedure.

3. Mutual Funds

A Mutual Fund is a collective pool of money with a common objective of purchasing securities. investing in Mutual Funds can be done through equity, debt, and other markets. These are various Types of Mutual Funds that an investor can invest in. For retail investors, investing into mutual funds is one of the easiest ways to take exposure in the securities markets. Some of the famous mutual funds people invest in are:

a. Bonds

A bond is a debt security where an issuer of the bond pays the holder an interest (or more commonly called a "coupon") at regular intervals and pay the principal amount at the maturity date. The bond buyer/holder initially pays the principal amount for buying the bond from the issuer. There are different types of bonds such as Government bonds, Corporate bonds, and Tax saving bonds. Some of the Best Bond Funds to invest are:

FundNAVNet Assets (Cr)3 MO (%)6 MO (%)1 YR (%)3 YR (%)2023 (%)Debt Yield (YTM)Mod. DurationEff. MaturitySub Cat.
Aditya Birla Sun Life Corporate Bond Fund Growth ₹103.166
↑ 0.02
₹21,7461. 8M 5D5Y 9M Corporate Bond
ICICI Prudential Long Term Plan Growth ₹33.7589
↑ 0.01
₹12,4581.647. 9M 4D7Y 8M 19D Dynamic Bond
HDFC Corporate Bond Fund Growth ₹29.7526
↑ 0.01
₹28,9681. 3M 18D5Y 3M 25D Corporate Bond
UTI Dynamic Bond Fund Growth ₹28.3997
↑ 0.01
₹5711.34.86.710.26.27.24%6Y 4M 28D9Y 29D Dynamic Bond
ICICI Prudential Corporate Bond Fund Growth ₹27.3303
↑ 0.01
₹27,3501.847. 9M 18D4Y 7M 17D Corporate Bond
Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 12 Jun 24

b. Equity Funds

An equity fund invests mainly in stocks/shares. Equity represents ownership in firms (publicly or privately traded) and the aim of the stock ownership is to participate in the growth of the business over a period of time. Moreover, buying an Equity Fund is one of the best ways to own a business (in a small proportion) without starting or investing in a company directly. These funds are a good option to gain returns over the long-run, but one should also know that these are risky funds. There are various types of Equity Funds such as Large cap funds, mid cap funds, Diversified Equity Funds, focused fund, etc to name a few. Some of the Best equity funds to invest are as follows:

FundNAVNet Assets (Cr)3 MO (%)6 MO (%)1 YR (%)3 YR (%)5 YR (%)2023 (%)Sub Cat.
DSP BlackRock Natural Resources and New Energy Fund Growth ₹91.437
↑ 0.50
₹1,09411.730.757.820.822.731.2 Sectoral
DSP BlackRock Equity Opportunities Fund Growth ₹573.018
↑ 3.85
₹11,6311321.949.820.120.832.5 Large & Mid Cap
DSP BlackRock US Flexible Equity Fund Growth ₹53.4499
↓ -0.03
₹8643.614.820.410.516.822 Global
L&T Emerging Businesses Fund Growth ₹81.6352
↑ 0.44
₹14,61920.120.353.630.627.746.1 Small Cap
L&T India Value Fund Growth ₹104.317
↑ 0.58
₹12,06714.625.259.927.523.539.4 Value
Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 11 Jun 24

c. Hybrid Funds

Hybrid Funds are also commonly known as Balanced Fund. These funds invest in both equity and debt mutual fund. In other words, this fund acts as a combination of both debt and equity. These funds are a great option for the investors who fear of investing in Equity Funds. This fund will reduce the risk portion and also help in gaining optimal returns over the time. Some of the best performing hybrid funds to invest are:

FundNAVNet Assets (Cr)3 MO (%)6 MO (%)1 YR (%)3 YR (%)5 YR (%)2023 (%)Sub Cat.
Aditya Birla Sun Life Regular Savings Fund Growth ₹60.6853
↑ 0.05
₹1,3843. Hybrid Debt
Aditya Birla Sun Life Equity Hybrid 95 Fund Growth ₹1,417.3
↑ 4.64
₹7,4788.615.128.913.113.321.3 Hybrid Equity
SBI Debt Hybrid Fund Growth ₹67.2942
↑ 0.16
₹9,7894.98.714.710.510.912.2 Hybrid Debt
ICICI Prudential MIP 25 Growth ₹68.8419
↑ 0.09
₹3,4023.77.414.69.59.711.4 Hybrid Debt
Principal Hybrid Equity Fund Growth ₹149.191
↑ 0.49
₹4,5795.913.527.314.114.216.8 Hybrid Equity
Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 12 Jun 24

4. Fixed Deposits

Fixed deposit (FD) is the oldest method of investing. A fixed amount is saved with a financial body for fixed amount of time, this allows the investor to earn an interest on the money. The reason to invest in FD is to earn a higher rate of interest than in a Savings Account. check out fixed deposits rates

Alternative Investing

1. Real Estate

Investing in real estate has become popular amongst investors over last few decades. Real estate investments typically mean buying, leasing or selling of property for profits or stable income. Most investors take a Bank loan to invest in real estate.

2. Private Equity/ Venture Capital

It is an investment made in unlisted companies. These companies can be start-ups to mid-size to large-size. Also, the firms can either be of specific sectors or on a broad spectrum.

3. Derivatives

A derivative is a financial contract given to the buyer in means of a commitment to purchase an asset at a fixed price in future. The most common types of derivatives are futures, options, swaps, and forwards. Futures contracts are based the Underlying such as bonds, stocks, foreign currencies etc.

4. Structured Products

A structured product is a fixed term investment linked to the performance of the stock Market or other indices. The returns in the structured products are linked to an Underlying Asset with pre-defined features like maturity date, Capital protection level, coupon date etc.

5. Hedge Funds

A hedge fund is a group of investors who pool huge funds in order to invest it in complicated investment for generating higher returns. Hedge funds allow using aggressive strategies that are unavailable to mutual funds including selling swaps, short, leverages, derivatives, etc.

Other Alternative Investments

Wine, art, and antiquities, commodities, indeed any business value, might also be considered as an alternative investing method.

How to Invest in Mutual Funds Online?

  1. Open Free Investment Account for Lifetime at

  2. Complete your Registration and KYC Process

  3. Upload Documents (PAN, Aadhaar, etc.). And, You are Ready to Invest!

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Planning for investment is not only a one-time process but is an ongoing process. Before jumping into anything, set and prioritise your goals and dreams. invest early, Invest Now!

All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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