A capitalized cost is a cost that is incurred on the purchase of a Fixed Asset that provides an economic benefit beyond one year of a company’s operating cycle.
One of the major points about capitalized cost is that they are not deducted from revenue over the time frame of their incurrence, but the cost is spread out over the useful life value of the asset in the form of Depreciation and Amortization.
Accumulated Depreciation and amortization show a contra-asset account that is meant for the reduction of the balance of the capitalized asset. Depreciation and amortization are also known for representing expenses on the Income statement.
Capitalized costs are recorded on the balance sheet as historical cost. Historical costs refer to the value of measure that represents an asset at the original cost on the balance sheet. It will not reflect the current and Fair Value of the asset.
Capitalized costs can help a company get a better picture of the amount it has employed into the purchase of assets. It will help the company to measure the money earned over time in a better way and keep flexibility wherever required. The company can understand and record the expenses based on the revenue generated overtime with the depreciation applied.
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Various costs can be categorised as capitalized costs. They are mentioned below:
Costs should be capitalized only if they are expected to produce an economic gain in the near future.