In terms of Accounting, an Asset retirement Obligation (ARO) outlines the legal obligation linked to the retirement of a long-lived, tangible asset where a firm gets the obligation to eradicate equipment or clean hazardous materials at some point in time in the future.
AROs have to be included in the financial statement of a firm to provide a precise snapshot of the overall value.
Often, an asset retirement obligation accounting is applied to those companies that create such a physical infrastructure that should be dismantled before the Lease of the Land expires. Along with that, AROs also get applied to the eradication of hazardous elements or waste materials from land, like decontamination of the nuclear power plant.
The asset is regarded as retired once the activity of removal is completed and the property is restored to the original situation.
Considering that calculating asset retirement obligation could be quite difficult and complex, several of the businesses look for assistance from Certified Public Accountants to make sure the compliance is adequate and proper.
Accordingly, all the public firms must recognize the AROs’ Fair Value on the Balance Sheet so as to make them more precise and accurate. This signifies a departure from the approach of Income-statement that lots of businesses use.
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To estimate the assumed present value of this method, firms must observe these reiterative steps:
Let’s take an asset retirement obligation example here. Suppose there is an oil-drilling company that has acquired a 50-year long lease on the land. After 10 years into the lease, the firm completes developing a drilling rig. In the next 40 years, this rig must be removed, and the land must be cleaned.