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Property and Casualty Insurance

Updated on September 27, 2023 , 558 views

Property and casualty insurance, also known as P&C, protects your assets (such as your home, car, and pets) while also providing liability coverage. This safeguards you if you're judged liable for an accident that results in the death or injury of the other person or the loss of another person's property.

Property and Casualty Insurance

P&C insurance, or property and casualty insurance, is a catch-all word for various insurance products that protect your assets while also providing liability coverage. Homeowners insurance, co-op insurance, condo insurance, liability insurance, HO4 insurance, pet insurance, and vehicle insurance are examples of P&C insurance. Life, fire, and health insurance are not included in property and casualty insurance (P&C).

Property Insurance

In the broadest sense, Property Insurance covers your personal property, such as your furniture and other possessions. Property insurance can be defined in several ways depending on the policy type you have. Private property, for example, is the term used in a renter’s policy to describe your possessions. Coverage C is the policy's reference to your belongings in the case of a covered loss.

It is common for business owners to have property insurance to cover their company's assets in the event of theft or vandalism, including the construction structure and contents. Unexpectedly, pet insurance is also an option. After all, pets have a vital role in many people's lives. However, since insurance helps to reimburse you for the costs of your pet's veterinary treatment, it is also called property insurance.

TL; DR: For a multitude of separate scenarios, personal property coverage (also known as Contents insurance), which is a standard feature of renters and homeowners’ insurance policies, helps you recover the cost of your lost or damaged possessions.

Casualty Events

Casualty insurance covers the legal Obligation for losses resulting from another's property damages or injury to some other individual. This coverage type is included in your liability coverage amounts in your policy for homeowners and renters’ insurance.

Small business owners frequently have casualty insurance because it shields them from financial responsibility if one of their employees is injured while on company premises.

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What is Covered by Homeowner's Property and Casualty Insurance

To illustrate how property and casualty insurance might be helpful, consider the following scenarios.

Scenario 1 - A guest slips and falls in your house, breaking a bone in their leg

Suppose the fall was caused by your carelessness (and not the visitor's); in that case, you might be held accountable for their medical expenditures and pain and suffering, regardless of whether they have insurance. Homeowners insurance can assist cover these expenses, so you aren't on the hook for them.

Scenario 2 - A person who was injured on your property is unable to walk or do their job due to the injury

If you're found liable for an accident on your property and that individual cannot continue working afterwards, you could be held responsible for their Income loss. Property and casualty insurance can protect you from having to pay out of pocket for the individual's lost salary, up to the policy's insured limits.

Scenario 3 - A guest sues you for damages after being wounded in your house

If someone gets hurt on your property and files a lawsuit against you, you will almost certainly have to pay for an attorney and other legal fees, which can quickly mount up. In addition, in the event of a lawsuit, your property and casualty insurance company may shoulder the burden for your legal bills.

Scenario 4 - Someone vandalizes and damages your home

In case of any theft or vandalism, property and casualty insurance provide coverage for your home's structure, personal property, and other possessions. For example, when someone breaks into your property or house, your homeowners' insurance will cover you up to a certain amount of money.

Scenario 5 - A weather event that is covered in the insurance causes damage to your house

Property and casualty insurance helps cover you in the case of a weather occurrence that the insurance covers. However, keep in mind that the weather and natural disasters types covered by your homeowner's insurance policy vary as per the residence of the insured person and the type of insurance taken.


Property and casualty insurance is one of the best and most appropriate investments since it protects you and your family from financial hardships in any instance of an accident on your property or at home.

All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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