Table of Contents
Link - https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/wealth/fuel-price/petrol Link - https://www.bajajfinservmarkets.in/fuel/petrol-price-in-india.html
|Online Service||Visit www[dot]hindustanpetroleum[dot]com and then go to “Pump Locator”||Visit www[dot]bharatpetroleum[dot]in and then go to “Pump Locator”||Visit www[dot]iocl[dot]com and then go to “Pump Locator”|
Goods and Service Tax (GST) Act came into effect in the country in July 2017. It categorises goods and services into four tax slabs of 5%, 12%, 18%, and 28%. Currently, petroleum products such as crude oil, natural gas, diesel, LPG and petrol are not under the ambit of GST. They are subject to central excise duty and state specific VAT.
The table below gives you the information on VAT/Sales Tax percentage imposed on petrol by the different states and Union Territories (UTs) in India. The data has been released by the Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC).
|States/ UTs||Sales Tax/VAT|
|Andaman & Nicobar Islands||6%|
|Andhra Pradesh||31% VAT + Rs.4/litre VAT+Rs.1/litre Road Development Cess and Vat thereon|
|Assam||32.66% or Rs.22.63 per litre whichever is higher as VAT minus Rebate of Rs.5 per Litre|
|Bihar||26% or Rs. 16.65/Litre whichever is higher (30% Surcharge on VAT as irrecoverable tax)|
|Chandigarh||Rs.10/KL cess +22.45% or Rs.12.58/Litre whichever is higher|
|Chhattisgarh||25% VAT + Rs.2/litre VAT|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||20% VAT|
|Goa||27% VAT + 0.5% Green cess|
|Gujarat||20.1% VAT+ 4% Cess on Town Rate & VAT|
|Haryana||25% or Rs.15.62/litre whichever is higher as VAT+5% additional tax on VAT|
|Himachal Pradesh||25% or Rs 15.50/Litre- whichever is higher|
|Jammu & Kashmir||24% MST+ Rs.5/Litre employment cess, Reduction of Rs.0.50/Litre|
|Jharkhand||22% on the sale price or Rs. 17.00 per litre , which ever is higher + Cess of Rs. 1.00 per Ltr|
|Karnataka||35% sales tax|
|Kerala||30.08% sales tax+ Rs.1/litre additional sales tax + 1% cess|
|Ladakh||24% MST+ Rs.5/Litre employment cess, Reduction of Rs.2.5/Litre|
|Madhya Pradesh||33 % VAT + Rs.4.5/litre VAT+1%Cess|
|Maharashtra – Mumbai, Thane , Navi Mumbai, Amravati & Aurangabad||26% VAT+ Rs.10.12/Litre additional tax|
|Maharashtra (Rest of State)||25% VAT+ Rs.10.12/Litre additional tax|
|Meghalaya||20% or Rs. 15.00/Litre- whichever is higher (Rs.0.10/Litre pollution surcharge)|
|Nagaland||25% VAT or Rs. 16.04/litre whichever is higher +5% surcharge + Rs.2.00/Litre as road maintenance cess|
|Punjab||Rs.2050/KL (cess)+ Rs.0.10 per Litre (Urban Transport Fund) + 0.25 per Litre (Special Infrastructure Development Fee)+24.79% VAT+10% additional tax on VAT|
|Rajasthan||36% VAT+Rs. 1500/KL road development cess|
|Sikkim||25.25% VAT+ Rs.3000/KL cess|
|Tamil Nadu||13% + Rs.11.52 per litre|
|Tripura||25% VAT+ 3% Tripura Road Development Cess|
|Uttar Pradesh||26.80% or Rs. 18.74/Litre whichever is higher|
|Uttarakhand||25% or Rs. 19 Per Ltr whichever is greater|
|West Bengal||25% or Rs.13.12/litre whichever is higher as sales tax+ Rs.1000/KL cess – Rs. 1000/KL sales Tax Rebate (20% Additional tax on VAT as irrecoverable tax)|
(As per details provided by OMCs)
Notes: For Petrol & Diesel, VAT/Sales Tax at applicable rates is also levied on Dealer’s commission in Arunachal Pradesh, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan Chandigarh, Puducherry, Andaman & Nikobar, Meghalaya.
Here's a simplified calculation of break-up petrol price in New Delhi as on 5th July 2021.
|Crude Oil||Rs. 35.73 per Litre|
|Refinery Processing + Refinery Margins + OMC Margin + Freight Cost, Logistics||Rs. 4.39 per Litre|
|Fuel Price after Processing (Ready to send to Petol Pump)||Rs. 40.12 per Litre|
|Central Government Taxes & Dealer Commission|
|Excise Duty + Road Cess as Charged by Central Government||Rs. 32.9 /Litre on Petrol|
|Commission to Petrol Pump Dealers||Rs. 3.79 per Litre|
|Fuel Cost Before VAT|
|Price taken as on 5th July 2021||Rs. 76.81 per Litre|
|VAT (30% on Petrol and 16.75% on Diesel. Additional Cess on Diesel)||Rs. 23.05 / Litre|
|Final Retail Price in Delhi (as on 5th July'21)||Rs 99.86 per Litre|
Some of the most important factors that affect the prices of fuels in India are:
Crude oil, also known as unrefined oil, is a commodity in the international Market. A change in crude oil price in the international market directly influences an increase in petrol prices in the Indian domestic market. As India is also one of the biggest importers of crude oil, change in demand and supply of unrefined oil affects the petrol price.
Also, political events like wars, natural calamities, new government regulations affects the price of crude oil.
When the government of India raises tax rates on fuels, the oil companies too increases the price of petrol. This is to recover and maintain the marginal profits. Hence, the price of the fuels changes on the Basis of these taxes.
Oil Marketing Companies (OMC) refine crude oil into petrol and then sell it to the dealers. While selling petrol to dealers, these companies add their own profit margin, which includes transportation cost, refinery processing cost, operational costs, and others.
The value of INR against USD is one of the major factors influencing the petrol price in India. As the USD is the base currency to buy raw oil, if the dollar strengthens against the INR, the buying cost of oil shall go up. On the other hand, when the Indian rupee strengthens against the dollar, the price of the crude oil declines, then the oil companies profit.
In simple words, if the USD is stronger, the cost of purchasing crude oil will be higher.
Due to the increase in the number of private vehicles on roads, the demand for fuel has been high. As the OMCs have to acquire crude oil from the international market, the demand and supply may not be always fulfilled. When the demand is high and supply is less, the price of fuels increases.
The VAT on petrol varies from state to state, therefore the petrol prices differ across different states and cities.
The largest oil and gas company in India is the Indian Oil Corporation (IOC), which owns most of the filling stations in India. Hindustan Petroleum (HP) and Bharat Petroleum (BP) are amongst the most well-known petrol companies in India.
IOC, also known as IndianOil, is an Indian state-owned oil and gas corporation, which is headquartered in New Delhi, India. IOC operates the largest and widest network of fuel stations in the country, numbering about 20,575. Recently, it has also started Auto LPG Dispensing Stations. Apart from this, it also provides charging stations for electric vehicles at the stations.
According to the Fortune Global 500 list, IndianOil is the world’s 88th largest corporations and the largest public corporation in India ranked by revenue.
HPCL is an Indian state-owned oil and natural gas company, which is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It operates two major refineries producing a wide variety of petroleum fuels and specialties in Mumbai of 7.5 million tonnes per year capacity and the other in Visakhapatnam, with a capacity of 8.3 million tonnes per year.
As per the Fortune Global 500 list, HPCL has been ranked 260th of the world’s biggest corporations (2013) and 4th among India’s Companies for the year 2012.
BPCL is an Indian government-owned oil and gas corporation. It is headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra. It operates two large refineries in Mumbai and Kochi. BPCL was ranked 309th on the 2020 Fortune list of the world's biggest corporations, and 792nd on Forbes's 2021 "Global 2000" list.
ONGC is an Indian government-owned crude oil and natural gas corporation. It produces around 70% of India's crude oil and around 84% of its natural gas. ONGC is the largest oil & gas exploration and production company in the country.
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation is ranked 7th among the Top 250 Global Energy Companies by Platts.
Owned by Mukesh Ambani of Reliance Industries Limited (RIL), Reliance Petroleum is an Indian petroleum company that specializes in oil and energy. With an annual crude processing capacity of 1,240,000 barrels per stream day, RPL is the largest refinery in the world.
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