Medical treatment is one of the most important aspects of an individual’s life. With the rising prices, the cost of medical treatment is soaring too. Healthcare treatment for the middle-class is quite a burden because of the cost. In order to aid this situation, the government of India has introduced benefits under Section 80DD of the income tax Act, 1961.
Under Section 80DD, you can claim a tax Deduction for cost on the clinical treatment of a dependent or disabled family member. Let’s take a look at this in detail.
Section 80DD caters to a deduction for medical treatment of a disabled or dependent family member. You can claim this deduction if:
Note: If you are gaining benefits under the provision of section 80u, you will not be able to claim deduction under Section 80DD.
Taxpayers living in India including individuals and hindu undivided family (HUF) can claim a deduction for a disabled dependent. Non-Resident Individuals (NRI) are not eligible for this deduction.
The deduction can be claimed on medical treatment for the dependent and not oneself.
Under Section 80DD dependents means:
Note that these dependents should be majorly dependent on the taxpayer looking for a deduction.
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Disability definition under this section is derived from the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995. This includes autism, cerebral palsy and multiple disabilities as provided for in the "National Trust for the Welfare of Person with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999".
Hence, to consider a person as disabled under Section 80DD is when a person is certified by a credible medical authority regarding being 40% disabled.
The disabilities mentioned below are covered under Section 80DD for which you can claim a deduction:
You can claim this deduction if the dependent is visually impaired or blind. It would mean that the person cannot view any form of light, visual acuity up to 6/60 or 20/200 in the better eye with correcting lenses or limitation of the field of vision of the eyes at an angle of 20 degrees or worse.
Cerebral palsy is when the dependent is suffering from a set of non-developmental conditions that can be characterised as abnormal motor control or injuries to the prenatal, perinatal or infant phases of development of an individual.
Autism is when the dependent is suffering from a complex neurobehavioral condition, which is visible in social interaction, language development and communication skills.
Leprosy cured is when a person is cured of leprosy but has some physical setbacks. The person might experience loss of feeling in hand, feet, eye and other areas. This can cause them to feel handicapped in many ways. Other than that, the person might be suffering from major physical deformity, which does not allow them to undertake an occupation.
If the dependent falls in this category, then you can claim deduction under Section 80DD.
This disability is about lack of movement in bones, joints or muscles which leads to a substantial restriction of the limb movement or any form of cerebral palsy.
The dependent could be suffering from a form of mental disorder. This does not mean the person is mentally retarded.
This refers to the scenario where the dependent is completely blocked or there is incomplete development in the mind of the person, which is characterised by sub-normality of intelligence.
Under Section 80DD, there is no age bar for the disabled person to receive the benefit. The amount of deduction is mentioned below:
Normal disability is when at least 40% of the deduction allowed from gross total Income is Rs. 75000.
Severe disability is when 80% or more deduction is allowed from gross total income is Rs. 1,25,000.
For better understanding the deduction under 80DD, let’s take an example here -
Suppose Jayshree deposits Rs. 50,000 every year with the Life Insurance Corporation of India (LIC) for the care of her mother who is blind. She can claim deduction under Section 80DD as she is paying LIC premiums, which is a scheme approved for the deduction. Alongside this, the problem her mother is facing is covered under the definition of the disabled dependent.
Jayashree can claim a deduction of Rs. 75,000 if the disability is 40% or more. Moreover, she can get a deduction up to
In order to claim a deduction under this section, you have to present a medical certificate from an authorised medical practitioner or authority.
Certificates from those mentioned above are accepted. However, to claim a deduction in a particular year, you will have to present the certificate marked for that year itself. New certificates have to be presented every year for claiming a deduction.
There are points of differences in section 80DD, Section 80DDB, Section 80U and Section 80D are mentioned below:
|Section 80DD||Section 80U||Section 80DDB||Section 80D|
|For medical treatment of dependent||For medical treatment of self||For medical treatment of self/dependent for specified diseases||For medical insurance and medical expenditure|
|Rs. 75,000 (normal disability), Rs. 1,25,000 (for severe disability)||Rs. 75,000 (normal disability), Rs. 1,25,000 (for severe disability)||Amount paid or Rs. 40,000 for citizens up to age 60 and Rs. 1 lakh for citizens above age 60||Maximum up to Rs. 1 lakh subject to conditions|
Section 80DD is beneficial if you are looking for a deduction on the medical expenses for a disabled family member. This deduction will help you to save much money, which can be used for other treatment-related purposes.