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Market Risk

Updated on April 18, 2024 , 15720 views

What is Market Risk?

Market risk is the risk that the value of an investment will decrease due to changes in market factors.


The risk is that the investment’s value will decrease. Market risk is also sometimes called as systematic risk, and it refers to a specific currency or commodity. Market risk is generally expressed in annualized terms, either as a fraction (8%) of the initial value or an absolute number (INR 9).

Sources of market risk include recessions, changes in interest rates, political turmoil, natural disasters and terrorist attacks. The most basic strategy for minimizing market risk is diversification. A Portfolio which is well-diversified consists of securities from various industries, asset classes with varying degrees of risk. Diversification doesn't remove the risk entirely, but it definitely limits the risk, as there are many instruments performing in the portfolio.

Measuring Market Risk

To measure market risk, analysts use the value-at-risk (VaR) method. VaR is a measure of the risk of loss for investments. It is a statistical risk management method that quantifies a stock or portfolio's potential loss as well as the probability of loss occurring. But, the VaR method requires certain assumptions that limit its precision.

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Factors of Market Risk

There are several different risk factors that make up market risk.

  • Currency risk: The risk that exchange rates will go up or possibly down
  • Inflation risk: The potential for Inflation to increase the price of all goods and services such that it undermines the value of money
  • Interest rate risk: The risk that comes from an increase or decrease in interest rates
  • Equity risk: The risk that share prices will go up or down
  • Commodity risk: The possibility of commodity prices such as metals change value dramatically
All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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