A risk profile is one of the most important things to analyse before making an investment. Ideally, experienced investors would know their risk ability, but a newbie would have a very little idea about the risk involved with Mutual Funds or the right mutual fund as per their risk appetite.
In many certains, most of the investors were overconfident at the time of Investing and they turn extremely nervous as the market becomes volatile. Hence, knowing your risk profile remains at the center stage of any investment.
Especially in the case of mutual fund investment, the suitability of a product largely depends upon the characteristics of the investor. Investors should know their investment objective, how long they wish to invest, ability to tolerate risk, minimum investment amount, etc.
Risk– with respect to investing– is the volatility or the fluctuation of the prices and/or investment returns. So risk assessment or risk profiling is the systematic evaluation of all the potential risks involved in the investment activity. Risk profiling gives you a clear picture of your risk appetite, i.e. evaluating your risk capacity, your required risk, and your risk tolerance. We will elaborate each term separately.
When an investor conducts their risk profiling, they have to answer a set of questions designed specifically for the purpose. The set of questions differs for different Mutual Fund Houses or distributors. The score of investor after answering the questions determines their range of taking a risk. An investor can be a high-risk taker, mid-risk taker or can be a low-risk taker.
Once the risk is identified by the risk assessment procedure, that risk is then analysed. It is divided into three broad categories -
Risk capacity is the quantitative measure of taking a risk. It maps your current and future financial position which includes factors like Income, savings, expenses, and liabilities. With these factors evaluated, the rate of returns required to reach your Financial goals is determined. In simple words, it is the level of the financial risk you can think of affording.
Risk required is determined by your risk capacity. It is the risk associated with the returns needed to reach your financial targets with available resources. Risk required educates you about what you could potentially be taking on with a certain investment. It gives you an honest perception and a clear picture about the type of the risk you are about to take.
Risk tolerance is the level of risk you are comfortable with. It is simply your willingness to accept the fluctuations in the market that may or may not occur in order to achieve your financial objectives. Risk tolerance can be broadly divided three types
- High-Risk Tolerance
- Mid-Risk Tolerance
- Low-Risk Tolerance
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To determine the category in which you fall there are certain parameters considered
|Factor||Influence on Risk Profile|
|Earning Members||Risk appetite increases as the number of earning members increases|
|Dependent Members||Risk appetite decreases as the number of dependent members increases|
|Life expectancy||Risk appetite is higher when life expectancy is longer|
|Age||Lower the age, higher the risk that can be taken|
|Employability||Those with steady jobs are better positioned to take risk|
|Psyche||Daring and adventurous people are better positioned mentally, to accept the downsides that come with risk|
|Capital base||Higher the capital base, better the ability to financially take the downsides that come with risk|
|Regularity of Income||People earning regular income can take more risk than those with unpredictable income streams|Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 2020 (%) Debt Yield (YTM) Mod. Duration Eff. Maturity Sub Cat. Franklin India Ultra Short Bond Fund - Super Institutional Plan Growth ₹29.3061
₹10,177 1.7 3.9 8.6 7.4 4 6.9% 2M 1D 7M 20D Ultrashort Bond Aditya Birla Sun Life Savings Fund Growth ₹419.259
₹16,540 0.9 2.4 6.7 7.6 7 3.89% 5M 23D 6M 11D Ultrashort Bond ICICI Prudential Ultra Short Term Fund Growth ₹21.3739
₹8,558 1 2.5 6.3 7.4 6.5 4.63% 4M 20D 5M 16D Ultrashort Bond SBI Magnum Ultra Short Duration Fund Growth ₹4,643.73
₹14,272 0.8 1.9 5.6 7.2 5.9 3.57% 5M 19D 5M 26D Ultrashort Bond Kotak Savings Fund Growth ₹33.4974
₹12,428 0.8 1.8 5.6 6.9 5.8 3.68% 5M 16D 5M 23D Ultrashort Bond UTI Ultra Short Term Fund Growth ₹3,236.46
₹2,055 1 2.1 5.1 5.1 5.3 4.63% 3M 16D 3M 17D Ultrashort Bond Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 19 Jan 21 Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 2020 (%) Debt Yield (YTM) Mod. Duration Eff. Maturity Sub Cat. HDFC Corporate Bond Fund Growth ₹24.8876
₹29,220 1.4 2.8 11.3 9.3 11.8 5.09% 2Y 11M 12D 4Y 4M 15D Corporate Bond Aditya Birla Sun Life Corporate Bond Fund Growth ₹85.4714
₹24,940 1.3 2.8 11.2 9.3 11.9 4.93% 2Y 6M 25D 3Y 2M 16D Corporate Bond HDFC Banking and PSU Debt Fund Growth ₹17.8097
₹11,313 1.4 3.1 10 8.7 10.6 5.27% 2Y 9M 2D 3Y 8M 3D Banking & PSU Debt UTI Banking & PSU Debt Fund Growth ₹16.0732
₹290 0.6 1.8 8.3 4.6 8.9 4.47% 2Y 1M 24D 2Y 8M 16D Banking & PSU Debt PGIM India Short Maturity Fund Growth ₹35.291
₹48 0.7 1.9 7.9 4 7.8 4.58% 2Y 4M 13D 2Y 8M 26D Short term Bond Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund Growth ₹36.4029
₹8,302 1.2 4 10.8 8.5 11.1 5.13% 2Y 2M 26D 2Y 8M 23D Short term Bond Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 19 Jan 21 Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2020 (%) Sub Cat. IDFC Government Securities Fund - Investment Plan Growth ₹27.8258
₹2,215 1.1 1.8 13.4 11.5 10.1 13.7 Government Bond DSP BlackRock Government Securities Fund Growth ₹73.9022
₹610 1.6 2.4 13.1 11 9.8 13.1 Government Bond Nippon India Gilt Securities Fund Growth ₹30.3071
₹1,777 1.1 1.4 11.1 10.5 10.3 11.2 Government Bond Kotak Gilt Investment Fund - Regular Investment Plan Growth ₹76.6891
₹877 2.7 2.9 13.3 10.2 9.5 13.3 Government Bond Kotak Gilt Investment Fund - Provident Fund & Trust Plan Growth ₹78.4577
₹877 2.7 2.9 13.3 10.2 9.5 13.3 Government Bond ICICI Prudential Gilt Fund Growth ₹77.9185
₹3,735 1.7 2 12.6 10.1 10.1 12.6 Government Bond Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 19 Jan 21 Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2020 (%) Sub Cat. Mirae Asset Emerging Bluechip Fund Growth ₹74.382
₹14,302 24.6 37.1 24.6 11.6 20.6 22.4 Large & Mid Cap SBI Small Cap Fund Growth ₹73.6772
₹6,628 26.1 47.1 30.9 5.1 18.9 33.6 Small Cap Parag Parikh Long Term Equity Fund Growth ₹35.7861
₹6,393 12.3 25.6 30.3 14.1 17.5 32.3 Multi Cap Canara Robeco Emerging Equities Growth ₹124.3
₹7,313 22.2 35.1 23.6 8.3 17.4 24.5 Large & Mid Cap Axis Mid Cap Fund Growth ₹50.97
₹8,515 20.7 32.2 24.6 13.3 17.3 26 Mid Cap UTI Equity Fund Growth ₹204.835
₹14,861 26.7 42.3 30.8 15 17.2 31.5 Multi Cap
Risk profiling gives you the clear picture of all the risk and returns expectations from an investment. It helps you create a focused strategy to invest in a manner that will help you reach your financial goals. Your financial advisor is expected to give you all the necessary information regarding risk assessment and help you carry out the same. Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and The Association of Mutual Funds of India (AMFI) both have stated the guidelines and norms for carrying out a detailed risk assessment of the investor and then suggest them the appropriate schemes. Such approach helps in reducing the losses that might occur if an investor invests in a scheme that is out of their risk appetite.
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