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The present government introduced the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana Scheme in 2016 for the benefit of those living below the poverty line (BPL) for the availability and provision of clean cooking fuel.
The Pradhan Manti Ujjwala Yojana scheme aims to make available clean fuel to those who live in BPL conditions. The poor usually use unclean cooking fuels that contain harmful elements. This scheme aims at replacing that with LPG.
According to a report by the World Health Organization (WHO), smoke inhaled by women from unclean fuel is equal to burning 400 cigarettes per hour.
The scheme focuses on three key areas:
The scheme focuses on empowering women from BPL backgrounds with the provision of LPG gas so that they can make clean food available to their households. The women under BPL households usually go out to collect firewood in harmful conditions. This scheme will enable them to access safe cooking facilities at home.
The poor use various other fuels that are unsuitable for cooking, which causes severe health disorders among them. The scheme aims at helping them access LPG gas to be healthy. They are usually subject to respiratory disorders due to fumes from unclean fuels.
The fumes coming out of these unclean fuels are bad for the environment in general. The widespread usage of the same causes serious environmental issues. Curbing usage can help protect the environment.
The following criteria are required to be eligible to access the benefits of the scheme-
The applicant must be 18 years or above.
The applicant must be from the BPL household. The Income of the family per month should not exceed the limits for BPL households as set by the Union Territories and State government.
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The applicant must not be anyone who already has an LPG connection.
The applicant must be listed under the SECC-2011 data and the available information should match with the Oil marketing companies’ database.
The application process for the scheme is quite easy. The applicants are required to provide certain documents so that they can be listed easily for their next provision.
The scheme falls under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India. For the financial year 2016-17, a budget of Rs. 2000 crore was made available. Over 1.5 crore families were benefitted.
The scheme was implemented for three years with a budget of Rs.8000 crores. Eligible households will receive Rs. 1600 support every month under the name of the female head of the house.
The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is likely to provide employment to around 1 lakh and business opportunities worth at least Rs. 10 crores over the span of time. Make in India campaign is to be highly benefited with this scheme with the promotion of gas stove, regulators, etc.
The Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana Scheme was launched by the Government of India to face the economic challenges the poor far due to the Covid-19 slowdown. Under this scheme, the beneficiaries of the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwaala Yojana will be provided with 3 LPG gas cylinders per household for April, May and June 2020. These cylinders will be provided free of cost.
The Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana will have a major impact during these trying times. The people living under BPL conditions will be able to get free access to LPG cylinders to help them get through the lockdown situation in the country due to Coronavirus. At least 8 crore people are expected to be benefited from this scheme.
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