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Income Tax

Updated on June 13, 2024 , 62872 views

What is an Income Tax?

An income tax is a tax that governments impose on Income generated by individuals and businesses within their jurisdiction. Income Taxes are a source of revenue for governments. These income tax are used to pay government obligations, fund public services, and provide goods for citizens. As per the law, taxpayers must file an Income Tax Return annually to determine their tax obligations.


Income Tax is tax that's payable on an individual's income. It's charged at different rates depending on what kind of income it relates to. In India, the income tax is charged annually at the end of each financial year (April – March).

Income Tax Common Deductions

Some of the common income tax deductions are:

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Who Pays Income Tax?

According to the Indian Income-tax Act, 1961, the following parties are liable to pay the income tax, provided their annual income falls into one of the income slabs as prescribed in the Act:

  • Individuals
  • Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs)
  • Firms
  • Companies
  • Body of individuals
  • Association of persons
  • Local authority

Importance of Income Tax

There are several reasons why income tax is important:

  • Income tax is a major source of revenue for governments, and it is used to fund a wide Range of public services and programs that benefit the community
  • Income tax can help to reduce income inequality by redistributing wealth from high-income earners to low-income earners through progressive tax rates
  • Income tax can be used as a tool to stimulate Economic Growth by providing incentives for businesses to invest and innovate
  • Governments can use income tax to incentivise behavior that promotes social and environmental goals, such as encouraging the use of renewable energy sources or promoting charitable giving

Overall, income tax is an important tool for governments to fund public services and programs, promote fairness and redistribution of wealth, encourage economic growth, and address social and environmental issues.

All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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