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Treasury Bill - T-Bill

Updated on March 16, 2023 , 74905 views

What is a Treasury Bill?

Treasury Bills are the short-term money market instrument, issued by the central Bank on behalf of the government to curb temporary liquidity shortfalls. Treasury bills also known as T-bills, have a maximum maturity of a 364 days. Hence, they are categorized as money Market instruments. Treasury bills are usually held by financial institutions including banks.


T-bills have a very important role in the financial market beyond investment instruments. Banks give treasury bills to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to get money under repo.

Types of Treasury Bills

At present there are three types of auctioned T-bills, which are:

91 days T-bills

The tenure of these bills complete on 91 days. These are auctioned on Wednesday, and the payment is made on following Friday.

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182 days T-bills

These treasury bills get matured after 182 days, from the day of issue, and the auction is on Wednesday of non-reporting week. Further, these are repaid on following Friday, when the term expires.

364 days T-bills

The maturity period of these bills is 364 days. The auction is on every Wednesday of reporting week and repaid on the following Friday after the term gets over.

Treasury Bill Interest Rate in India

Reference Last Previous Units Frequency
Monetary Policy Rate 01 Mar 2021 4 4 %, NSA Daily
Money Market Rate 01 Mar 2021 3.35 3.35 %, NSA Daily
stock market index 01 Mar 2021 49,849 - Index, NSA Daily
Average Long-term Government bond 24 Feb 2021 3.7 3.71 % p.a., NSA Wednesday Weekly
Treasury Bills (over 31 days) 24 Feb 2021 3.48 3.52 % p.a., NSA Wednesday Weekly
Lending Rate 19 Feb 2021 4.25 4.25 %, NSA Friday Weekly

Trading hours for T-Bill Futures

The trading hours are from 9 a.m. to 5.00 p.m on working days from Monday to Friday and the contract Size is Rs. 2 lakh.

Tax on Treasury Bills in India

If there is any appreciation in the bond price, it is considered Capital gains. Long-term capital gains (LTCG) is 10% Flat or 20% with indexation, whereas Short Term Capital Gains (STCG) is as per the applicable slab rate.

When it comes to T-bills, the appreciation is considered as short-term Capital Gain as you buy at a discount and sell it at par. So the Taxes is as per the applicable slab rate.

All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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