fincash logo SOLUTIONS

Fincash » Post Office Saving Schemes » KVP or Kisan Vikas Patra

KVP or Kisan Vikas Patra

Updated on April 12, 2024 , 37137 views

Kisan Vikas Patra or KVP is one of the small savings instruments promoted by Government of India. Though this scheme was launched in the year 1988 it was discontinued in 2011. However, it was re-introduced in the year 2014. The objective of this scheme is to promote small-scale savings for long-term tenure. The objective of Kisan Vikas Patra is to double the investment during the investment tenure. Being a Government-backed scheme, the risk-appetite of KVP is low. Moreover, it is classified as an instrument bearing fixed duration. In addition, any amount invested in KVP does not attract tax deductions under Sec. 80C of income tax Act, 1961. So, let us understand the concept of Kisan Vikas Patra or KVP, benefits of KVP, eligibility and how to purchase KVP, and other parameters.

About Kisan Vikas Patra (KVP)

KVP or Kisan Vikas Patra was launched in the year 1988. Since inception, this savings instrument has gained a lot of popularity among individuals. However, the Government of India decided to discontinue the scheme in 2011. This decision was taken based on the recommendations of a committee set up by the government which suggested KVP can be used for money laundering purposes. However, the government revoked its order and reintroduced KVP in 2014 as it witnessed a fall in domestic savings. The interest rate prevalent on KVP for FY 2017-18 is 7.3% p.a. It is suitable for individuals who are looking for a fixed Income and have a low-risk appetite.

Earlier, only post offices in India were allowed to issued KVP. However, now the government has even allowed certain designated public sector banks to trade in Kisan Vikas Patra or KVP. KVPs are issued in denominations of INR 1,000, INR 5,000, INR 10,000, and INR 50,000. The aim of KVP is to double your investment money over the investment tenure of 100 months, that is, 8 years and 4 months’ time. The KVP has a lock-in period of two and half years. Post the tenure, individuals can redeem their money from KVP along with accumulated interest till the investment is held.

KVP – Types Of Kisan Vikas Patra Scheme

Kisan Vikas Patra scheme is one of those saving avenues that help individuals accumulate wealth over time without harbouring a fear of any associated risk.

Currently, it is one of the most popular savings schemes launched by the government of India that operates to mobilise savings and inculcate a healthy investment habit among individuals.

To invest in Indira Vikas Patra or Kisan Vikas Patra scheme, individuals are required to learn as much as possible about the said scheme and become familiar with its functioning to make the most out of it.

What is Kisan Vikas Patra?

The Kishan Vikas Patra scheme was launched in 1988 as a small saving certificate scheme. Its main objective was to encourage people to adopt long-term financial discipline.

At the time of launch, this scheme was directed towards farmers and, therefore, the name. But today, anybody who fulfils its eligibility criteria can invest in it.

The Kisan Vikas Patra Post Office scheme comes with a preset tenure of 113 months and extends assured returns to the individuals. Anybody can avail it in the form of a certification from any branch of India Post Offices and selected public sector banks.

Who Should Invest In Kisan Vikas Patra Scheme?

The fact that individuals can avail it from a post office makes the scheme a feasible savings option for that rural population who do not hold a Bank account.

Being a low-risk savings option, risk-averse individuals who have extra cash would find this scheme a suitable option to park their money safely.

Other than them, based on their Financial goals and risk-profile, individuals who are over the age of 18 may consider Investing in the KVP post office scheme.

Types Of Kisan Vikas Patra Scheme Accounts?

The KVP Scheme accounts are of three types –

1. Single holder type

In such a type of account, a KVP certification is allotted to an adult. An adult can also avail a certification on behalf of a minor, in such case the certification would be issued in their name.

2. Joint A type

In such a type of account, a KVP certification is issued in the name of two individuals, both of whom are adults. In the event of maturity, both account holders would receive the pay-out. However, only one would be entitled to receive the same in the event of the death of one account holder.

3 Joint B type

In such a type of account, a KVP certification is issued in the name of two adult individuals. Unlike Joint A type account, on maturity, either of the two account holders or the survivor would receive the pay-out.

Kisan Vikas Patra or KVP Interest Rate 2018

The government of India determines the interest rates for KVP certificate periodically. The prevailing interest rate for FY 2017-18 on KVP scheme is 7.3% p.a. which is applicable for compounding. Individuals purchasing KVP certificates at this interest rates will earn the same interest rates throughout their investment tenure. Even if there is a change in the interest rates, it will not affect the investments.

Ready to Invest?
Talk to our investment specialist
By submitting this form I authorize to call/SMS/email me about its products and I accept the terms of Privacy Policy and Terms & Conditions.

What Is The Eligibility Criteria For The Kisan Vikas Patra Scheme?

To avail the scheme’s benefits, individuals must meet the Kisan Vikas Patra 2019 eligibility criteria mentioned below –

  • Applicants must be residents of India.
  • Applicants must be over the age of 18 years.
  • Adults can apply on behalf of a minor.
  • However, NRIs and HUFs are not deemed eligible to invest in a KVP scheme. Similarly, companies would not be able to avail this scheme.

What is the Withdrawal Procedure?

Individuals can withdraw their proceeds either on maturity or before maturity.

  • If an individual opts to withdraw their investment sum within a year of purchase, they will not accrue any interest on it. Moreover, they would incur a penalty for it.
  • If an individual opts to withdraw their invested sum after one year, but before 2.5 years of purchase, they would receive a low rate of returns. Also, no additional charges or penalty would be imposed on it.
  • If individuals decide to withdraw their investment from Kisan Vikas Patra scheme after 2.5 years of availing it, they would receive the promised rate of returns and would not have to pay the penalty on it.

Individuals can encash their KVP certification, provided they go to a post office or a bank branch from where they had purchased it in the first place. If an emergency arises, they can get the certification encashed from any post office or bank branch but only after availing the approval of the post manager or respective bank manager of the said institution.

KVPs can be transferred from one person to another multiple time. Individuals can also transfer their post office and even the nomination. For purchasing KVP, individuals first need to visit the post office or designated banks through which they wish to invest in KVP. Then individuals need to fill in the KVP form. Along with the form, individuals need to submit documents related to identity proof and address proof such as a copy of passport, or voter identity card. If an individual wishes to invest more than INR 50,000 in KVP for a particular year then; they need to submit a copy of Permanent Account Number (PAN) card. In addition, if the investment is more than INR 10,00,000, then they need to furnish documents showing the source of funds.

Benefits And Associated Benefits Of KVP Scheme?

Besides being a safe option to park additional cash in, KVP scheme comes with an array of features and associated benefits.

The list mentioned below offers a brief idea about the same

1. Assured returns

Irrespective of Market fluctuations, individuals who have put their money into this scheme would generate a guaranteed sum. The said feature encourages saving more.

2. Compounding interest

The interest rate of the KVP Scheme tends to vary, and such variations depend on the year it an individual had invested in it. The rate of interest for the financial year 2019-2020 is 7.6%. The interest accrued on the invested sum is compounded yearly, ensuring more returns to individuals.

3. Time horizon

The time horizon of the Kisan Vikas Patra scheme is 113 months. After completing the said period, the scheme matures and extends a corpus to a KVP scheme holder. In case, individuals decide to withdraw the proceeds generated later than the maturity period; the amount would accrue interest until it is withdrawn.

4. Cost of Investment

Individuals can deposit money into this scheme with as little as Rs. 1,000 and invest as much as they want to. However, the amount has to be a multiple of Rs. 1,000 and a sum over Rs. 50,000 would require PAN details and would be extended by a city’s head post office.

5. Taxation method

An amount that is withdrawn post maturity is exempted from Tax Deducted at Source or TDS. However, KVP scheme is not entitled to any tax deductions mentioned under Section 80C.

6. Nomination

Individuals can select a nominee in this scheme. All they would need to do is fill up a nomination form, offer the required details of their choice of nominees and submit it. Also, Individuals can even select a minor as their nominee.

7. Loan against a certificate

Individuals can avail a loan against their investment in Kisan Vikas Patra scheme. The KVP certificate would act as Collateral while applying for a secured loan and individuals would be able to avail a loan at a lower interest rate.

Kisan Vikas Patra Scheme- Investment Details

Minimum Investment

The minimum investment in case of KVP is INR 1,000 and in multiples of INR 1,000 thereof.

Maximum Investment

There is no capping on the maximum investment in KVP. Individuals need can invest as per their requirements. However, in case of investment above INR 50,000 individuals need to furnish a copy of PAN Card while for investment above INR 10 Lakhs, they need to furnish documents stating the source of funds.

Investment Tenure/Maturity Period

The investment tenure in case of KVP is 118 months that is, 9 years and 8 months.

Rate of Return

The rate of return in case of KVP for FY 2017-18 is 7.3% p.a.

Premature Withdrawal:

Premature withdrawal is available in case of KVP. Individuals can redeem their investment after 2 Years and 6 months. Also, in other cases, where KVP can be withdrawn is:

  • In case of death of the holder either in single or joint
  • In case of an order by Court of law
  • On forfeiture by a pledge

Loan Facility

Individuals can claim loan Facility against KVP certificates.

Tax Benefits

Individuals cannot claim any tax benefits against money invested in KVP. In addition, the interest generated on their KVP is also liable for the tax.

Documents Required For Availing A Kisan Vikas Patra In 2019?

Eligible individuals can avail the scheme Kisan Vikas Patra in 2019 by Offering the required documents.

Here is a list of documents that are deemed necessary for the same

  • Form A must be duly submitted to an India Post Office branch or other specific banks.
  • Form A1, if the application is extended through an agent.
  • KYC documents like aadhaar card, PAN card, Passport, Voter’s ID, Driving License, etc. that serve as ID proof. On providing these documents mentioned above, applicants would be offered with a KVP certificate. In the event of loss or damage of Indira Vikas Patra or Kisan Vikas Patra certification, individuals can apply for a copy of the same. Such an application can be made through the institution where the certification was availed in the first instance.

However, individuals must be aware of the certification number and maturity date before applying for its copy, which is why they should keep such details handy at all times.

KVP Calculator

KVP calculator is a tool that helps individuals to understand how much will their KVP investment over the investment tenure. The input data that is required to be entered in the KVP calculator is the beginning investment date and the investment amount. The output data that you get is the maturity amount, maturity date, and total interest amount. The KVP calculator is explained with the help of an illustration.


Parameters Details
Investment Amount INR 25,000
Date of Investment 10/04/2018
Maturity Amount INR 50,000
Maturity Date 10/06/2027
Total Interest Amount INR 25,000

Thus, if you are a risk-averse individual and seeking to earn income over a long-term tenure then choose to invest in Kisan Vikas Patra or KVP.

All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
How helpful was this page ?
Rated 3.3, based on 16 reviews.

Dinanath bhandari, posted on 5 May 22 8:00 PM

Good understand

ARVIND MARUTIRAO YADAV, posted on 8 Oct 20 8:35 PM

With respect, this is useful website and information should also useful for investment.

1 - 2 of 2