Section 80C of Income Tax is one of the tax saving sections of the Income Tax Act that allows tax deductions upto INR 1,50,000 on investments. Assessment of income tax in India is administered by the Income Tax Act of 1961, that came into effect from 1st April 1962. There are various Tax Saving Investment options included in the Income Tax Act to promoting-term investments and tax saving. The tax saving sections under Income Tax Act include 80C, 80CCC, 80CCD, 80CCE. One can save tax by Investing in any of these sections, however, section 80C is the most fulfilling one.
Section 80C - Limit
From the Financial year 2014, the maximum deduction under section 80C has increased upto INR 1,50,000. This section brings down your tax liability and even if you come under the highest tax bracket of 30%, you save INR 45,000. It is advised to diversify your savings in different investments for a better tax rebate under 80C. There are several investment options available that qualify for the deductions under section 80C. To know about some major investments, read below!
Tax Deductions Falling Under Section 80C of Income Tax Act
Contribution towards Senior Citizens Saving Scheme
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Investment Eligible for Deductions Under Section 80C
ELSS Investment or Equity Linked Savings Scheme
ELSS Mutual Funds are one of the best tax saving investments as they offer good returns and have the shortest lock-in period (3 years) among all Tax Saving Scheme.
The ELSS Mutual Funds invest at least 65% of their assets in market-linked instruments like equities and the stock market.
Under section 80C, the ELSS investments upto INR 1,50,00 are eligible for a tax break.
Being majorly linked to the stock markets, ELSS funds do not offer guaranteed returns, but the best-performing ones do generate good returns through the Power of Compounding.
As per the Budget 2018, ELSS would attract Long Term Capital Gains (LTCG). Investors would be taxed at 10% (with no indexation) under long term Capital Gain tax. Gains up to INR 1 lakh are free of tax. Tax at 10% applies to gains above INR 1 lakh.
For the Financial year 2017-2018, the interest rate of this scheme is 8.4% p.a. The interest rate is compounded annually and is totally tax exempt.
The investments in Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana that are eligible for a tax deduction cannot exceed INR 1,50,000.
SCSS or Senior Citizens Savings Scheme
This scheme is formulated only for the senior citizens, the ones who are above 60 years or have opted for retirement at 55 years of age.
The maximum SCSS investment liable for tax exemption is INR 1,50,000 and the current interest rate is 8.4%p.a.
Know Where to Save under Sec. 80C
Where can one save tax under section 80C? Though the answer to this question is subjective and varies from person to person, below are a few of the best investment options available for tax deductions under section 80C. The best part about them is that these are the investments that people usually make, so there is no extra burden of investing in them. Avail section 80C savings with any of the below mentioned-
Premium on Life Insurance
Life Insurance coverage is desired by every earning individual having dependents. The annual premium paid for your life insurance is entitled to tax saving under section 80C.
Home Loan Repayment
Under this section, repayment of the principal amount of your home loan is eligible for tax saving. Also, deductions are applicable on stamp duty, registration fees and transfer expenses.
Tuition Fees of Children
The tuition fees paid to any school, college, university or educational institute for the education of two children is eligible for deductions under section 80C.
Tax Saving Investments Other than 80C
Section 80C of the Income Tax Act has certain subsections as well.
Tax Saving Sections 1
80C Deductions (INR)
Payments made towards pension plans
Contributions to Central Government certified pension schemes
Investments made towards long-term infrastructure Bonds
Investments made in government approved equity schemes
Section 80CCC is a tax saving section under which an individual can claim tax deductions upto INR 1,50,000 for payments made towards pension plans or any annuity plan of insurers. To claim deductions under section 80CCC, the annuity plan should be specifically for inheriting pension from a fund referred in section 10(23AAB).
Note: If the investors exit the plan before maturity, the surrender value will be taxable in the year of receipt.
Under section 80CCD, an individual taxpayer can claim tax deductions upto INR 1,50,000 if the individual and its employer makes contributions to the pension schemes that are Central Government certified.
Note: The tax deduction on the contributed amount is only eligible if the amount does not exceed 10% of the individual’s salary. From the financial year 2017-18, the maximum deduction liable for a self-employed individual has increased to 20% of the gross salary from the earlier 10% limit subject to a maximum of INR 1,50,000.
Section 80CCF allows tax deductions on investments made towards long-term infrastructure bonds that are government certified. Both an individual and HUFs can claim deductions upto INR 20,000 under section 80CCF.
The individual taxpayers making investments in government approved equity schemes can claim maximum deductions upto INR 25,000 under section 80CCG.
Note: The deduction claimed under section 80CCG cannot exceed 50% of the amount invested in equity schemes.
Income Tax Calculator
Tax Saving is important! Most of us struggle to calculate how much is to be invested in order to save income tax. Well, we have a solution here:
Just fill in your annual salary and your respective investments, and calculate your tax liabilities.
The hardest thing to understand in the world is to understand taxes. So, it better to analyse the tax saving investing options and choose the ones that fit your saving plans. Invest better, save better tax!
“Paying tax is not a punishment, it’s a responsibility”
Disclaimer: All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
Mutual fund investments are subject to market risks. Please read the scheme information and other related documents carefully before investing. Past performance is not indicative of future returns. Please consider your specific investment requirements before choosing a fund, or designing a portfolio that suits your needs.
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