Are you confused between NSC Vs KVP? Don’t know which one to choose. Don’t worry, this article will help you to guide with the same. Both NSC and KVP are schemes promoted by Government of India to help individuals save their money. NSC is a savings instrument that offers the benefit of Investing as well as tax deduction. On the contrary, KVP does not offer benefits of tax deduction. Though both the schemes are promoted by the government yet, there exist several differences between them. So, let us understand the differences between both NSC and KVP in terms of rate of interest, the tenure of investment, and other parameters.
NSC or National Savings Certificate is a fixed duration investment instrument. The Government of India launched NSC with an objective to raise money from the individuals of the country and channelize it towards the progress of the nation. NSC offers a fixed interest rate on the investment. Currently, the interest rate on NSC is 7.6% p.a. The tenure of investment in NSC is 5 years and individuals cannot withdraw their money during the tenure. Here, individuals receive the interest amount along with the interest and the end of the tenure. Individuals can purchase NSC through post offices in India. The minimum investment amount in case of NSC is INR 100.
KVP or Kisan Vikas Patra is also a fixed duration investment instrument offered by the Government of India. KVP is issued in denominations of INR 1,000, INR 2,000, INR 5,000, and INR 10,000. The investment tenure of Kisan Vikas Patra is 118 Months however, individuals can withdraw the money after 30 months. The interest rate on KVP investment is 7.3% p.a. Individuals cannot claim any tax deduction in case of KVP investment. Kisan Vikas Patra was launched in the year 1988 but was discontinued in the year 2011. This was based on a committee’s recommendation that there are chances that KVP can be used for money laundering purposes. However, it was re-introduced back in 2014.
Though both the schemes are promoted by the government yet; there are a lot of differences between both the schemes. So, let us understand the differences between both the parameters between both the schemes.
The minimum investment amount in case of NSC is INR 100. On the contrary, the minimum investment amount in case of KVP is INR 1,000. However, in case of maximum investment, there is no limit set for both the schemes. But, in KVP, individuals need to furnish a copy of PAN card if the investment amount is above INR 50,000 and if the investment amount is about INR 10 Lakhs then they need to furnish documents showing the source of funds.
The interest rates in case of NSC and KVP is determined by the government and it keeps on changing periodically. The current interest rates on NSC investment is 7.6% p.a. while; in case of KVP is 7.3% p.a. Individuals who have invested money in this prevalent interest rates will get the same interest rates till maturity. For instance, if an individual invests today in NSC when the interest rates are 7.6%, then he/she will get returns on the same percentage till maturity. However, the objective of KVP is to double the investment amount at the end of maturity tenure which is not in the case of NSC.
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The investment tenure in case of NSC is five years. However, in case of KVP, the investment tenure is 118 months which is approximately around nine years and eight months. Therefore, the investment tenure of KVP is long than NSC.
Individuals cannot do a premature withdrawal in case of NSC. They can redeem their investment only at maturity. On the other hand, in case of KVP, premature withdrawal is allowed. Individuals can withdraw their investment from KVP after 30 months.
Individuals can claim tax deductions in case of their NSC investments. Individuals can claim a deduction of up to INR 1,50,000 under Section 80C of Income Tax Act, 1961. However, the same cannot be claimed in case of KVP investments.
Individuals can claim loan against both NSC and KVP certificates. It can be pledged to the financial institutions to take a loan.
In case of NSC, only individuals who are a resident in India can purchase NSC. Trusts, Hindu Undivided Family (HUFs), and Non-resident Individuals (NRIs) are not eligible to invest in NSC. However, with respect to KVP, individuals and trust both can invest in the scheme. However, HUFs and NRI also cannot invest in this instrument.
Individuals can invest in NSC certificates only through post offices across India. However, in case of KVP, individuals can invest in its certificate either through post offices or through designated nationalized banks in India.
The various comparable parameters are summarized as follows.
|Minimum Eligibility||INR 100||INR 1,000|
|Maximum Eligibility||No Limit||No Limit|
|Investment Tenure||5 Years||118 Months|
|Premature Withdrawal||Not Applicable||Applicable after 30 Months from the date of Investment|
|Tax Deductions||Applicable||Not Applicable|
|Eligibility||Only Resident Indian Individuals||Only Resident Indian Individuals and Trusts|
|Channels of Purchasing NSC & KVP||Only through the post office||Only through post office & designated nationalized banks|
Thus, from the above pointers, it can be said that both NSC and KVP have several differences between each other. However, it is advised to individuals to be careful while selecting the schemes to invest so that, they can attain their objectives easily.
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