financial planning is the need of the hour, especially when you are starting out as an independent individual. The feeling of independence is surreal and might take the best of you when you throw a party. After the mid-month, you’re barely left with any money to survive for the rest of the month.
Why did this happen? Well, you might have exceeded your spending ability. So how do you deal with this?
Financial planning is the best way. It will not only help to balance your spendings, but ensure enough money during an emergency.
It is important to understand your income before you spend. Keeping a track of your expenses will help you get a better understanding of your spending capacity. For instance, if your income is Rs. 20,000 a month and your expenses are Rs. 22,000 a month, you are falling into the debt circle. To avoid this, it’s important to identify the extra 2K you’re spending and cut-short on that.
You can then decide what is important and not so important. This will help you plan your finances better and will also help you save money.
Setting a budget is the most important step in creating a great Financial plan. This allows you to understand your income and your expenses. It will help you make smarter spending decisions and better cost control.
Let’s hear from - John. C. Maxwell who says- Everyone wants to be thin, but nobody wants to diet. Everyone wants to live long, but few will exercise. Everybody wants money, yet seldom will anyone budget or control their spending.
Setting a budget will help you set goals and fund those goals accordingly.
Setting a goal will help you understand where you want to reach in the given period. It will encourage you to make the best use of the resources and the finances available with you.
Your personal goals could be anything from buying a bike, travelling, to buying a house.
So first things first, understand and identify your goals before you can start with financial planning. The best way is to segment your goals into short-term, medium-term and long-term. Buying a bike within a year could be a short-term goal, while buying a house is a long-term goal.
Suze Orman, rightly once said, “Every financial worry you want to banish and financial dream you want to achieve comes from taking tiny steps today that put you on a path toward your goals.”
Setting goals based on the estimated time required will help you plan your income better.
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Saving money involves saving a penny! It could be giving up buying a can of soda to save that Rs. 20. It’s important to keep a track of how much you spend so that you can create a plan to save. There’s a well-known trending concept called the ‘avocado toast’, which simply shows how saving on small things will help you buy a house.
This is not the first time that such a trendy food invoked the importance of financial strategy. Millennial spending habits on expensive coffee and many other things grabbed the attention of financial planners.
You could save tons of money if you adopt the right financial planning. One of the many ways you can start saving is by creating a budget. This will push you to save that designated amount every month.
As John Poole says- You must learn to save first and spend afterwards.
Likewise, it’s not only important to save money but also help it grow. Since you are starting off with a career you can start Investing. Investing helps you gain more in a fixed period of time. To start off, you can opt for low-risk options.
Here are 4 of the low-risk options you can opt for:
This is considered one of the popular and safest options to save money in India. You have to save a lump sum of money at once. They offer a higher rate of interest than your regular Savings Account.
This is another safe investment option since it is a government investment scheme. It has a 15-year lock-in period. It’s a popular scheme in the country because the government guarantees your investment in the scheme.
What’s more? You can open an account with them for just Rs. 100 and can invest money through cash, cheque, DD or even online transfer. You need to invest at least Rs.500 every year.
This scheme is a combination of various investment options like Fixed Deposits, Liquid Funds and Corporate Bonds. This was started to encourage people to save for post-retirement life. An individual can invest a particular amount every month during their working years. This is also backed by the government which makes it a safer option to invest in.
This is another safe investment option backed by the government. This is mainly for small to mid-income investors. It’s a savings bond that encourages investors to invest while helping them save on tax. You can start investing with amounts like Rs.100 and increase as and when feasible.
Tip- If you want to earn higher returns by taking a little risk, than Equity Mutual Funds are one of the best options to go for. You can opt for a Systematic Investment plan (SIP) mode, where you can start investing as low as Rs. 500 every month for a defined period. SIP gives you the major benefit of rupee cost averaging and the Power of Compounding. This helps in the long-term growth of your investment.
Here are some of the Best performing SIP plans to invest-
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) Min SIP Investment 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2019 (%) Franklin Asian Equity Fund Growth ₹28.0716
₹181 500 7.5 29.3 24.3 8.7 12.7 28.2 DSP BlackRock US Flexible Equity Fund Growth ₹31.4941
₹250 500 6.3 22.4 21 13.8 13.2 27.5 SBI Small Cap Fund Growth ₹58.4187
₹5,321 500 14.8 32.7 11.8 4.2 12.3 6.1 Kotak Equity Opportunities Fund Growth ₹129.289
₹3,757 1,000 6.5 28.3 8 4.2 9.2 13.2 Principal Emerging Bluechip Fund Growth ₹111.18
₹2,119 100 9 29 7.2 1.3 9.9 6.8 Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 21 Oct 20
Setting a particular amount from your income aside for emergency purposes will be of great help when something unprecedented comes up. You can invest your money as an emergency fund, but you should be able to withdraw it during the period of emergency.
Here are 3 steps to create an emergency fund:
Another great way to create an emergency fund is to invest in Liquid Mutual Funds. It is a better option than investing in savings bank accounts. Here are a few reasons why:
Here are some of the best performing liquid funds to invest-
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 1 MO (%) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 2019 (%) Debt Yield (YTM) Mod. Duration Eff. Maturity PGIM India Insta Cash Fund Growth ₹262.717
₹670 0.3 0.8 1.9 4.6 6.7 3.34% 29D 29D JM Liquid Fund Growth ₹55.1302
₹1,782 0.3 0.8 1.7 4.4 6.6 3.25% 23D 24D Indiabulls Liquid Fund Growth ₹1,961.93
₹237 0.3 0.8 1.6 4.3 6.6 0% Principal Cash Management Fund Growth ₹1,782.86
₹152 0.3 0.8 1.7 4.2 6.2 3.21% 20D 21D Tata Liquid Fund Growth ₹3,182.5
₹15,556 0.3 0.8 1.9 4.7 6.6 0% 1Y 5M 5D Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 21 Oct 20
Debts are one of the most common ways people end up in bankruptcy. They spend more than they earn and end up taking debts, loans or overusing credit cards. Unpaid debts can prove fatal to anyone’s financial standing. Therefore, avoid debts.
Here 5 are ways to avoid debts:
Financial planning is the first step to increase wealth. Therefore, if you are in your 20’s starting out with our career, make sure you plan your finances well before jumping anywhere further.
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