Gold has always caught attention amongst investors as one of the best Investing avenues. Also, historically, Gold Investment has proved to be a hedge against Inflation, due to which investors are more inclined towards buying gold.
But today, Investing in Gold is not only limited to buying ornaments or jewellery, it has expanded today with many more options. With the advent of technology and development in financial markets, one can buy gold through various other means with benefits like safety, purity, no making charge, etc. In this article, we will study different options to buy gold.
Buying gold in the form of bullion, bars or coins is generally considered to be one of the best ways to buy gold, especially for those who want to buy physical gold. Gold bullion, bars and coins are made with a purest physical form of gold. Later, one can cast the gold coins and bullion into intricate shapes (as it is done to make jewellery out of pure gold). Gold coins are available in different sizes. The usual size of coins is of
2, 4, 5, 8, 10, 20 and 50 grams. Gold bars, coins and bullion are of 24K (carats), and these can be kept safely in bank lockers or any other safe place.
A gold ETF (Exchange Traded Fund) is an instrument that is based on gold price or invests in gold bullion. Gold ETFs is traded on major stock exchanges and they track the gold bullion performance. When the gold price moves up, the value of the exchange-traded fund also rises and when the gold price goes down, the ETF loses its value. Gold ETFs allow investors to participate in the gold market with ease and also offer transparency, cost-efficiency and a secure way to access the gold market.
One of the other ways to buy gold is through gold funds. Gold Funds are Mutual Funds which invest in stocks of companies engaged in gold mining and production. Under this method, the returns are dependent on the equity of the companies invested and the performance of the fund. Investing in gold funds is simple and doesn’t require a Demat account.
Best Gold Mutual Funds to Invest 2019 are
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2018 (%) Aditya Birla Sun Life Gold Fund Growth ₹12.0589
₹74 2.6 17.8 23 6.1 6.3 6.8 Invesco India Gold Fund Growth ₹11.7224
₹15 1.2 16.2 19.9 7.9 5.8 6.6 SBI Gold Fund Growth ₹11.9759
₹388 1.8 19 22.2 8.2 6.1 6.4 Reliance Gold Savings Fund Growth ₹15.8742
₹750 2.2 19.1 21.9 7.7 6 6 Kotak Gold Fund Growth ₹15.8782
₹198 0.6 19.6 22.4 7.6 6.1 7.3 Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 21 Nov 19
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Gold jewellery and ornaments have always been the traditional way to buy gold. However, this has its own pros and cons. The total cost of the ornament may involve heavy making charges(called premium), which may be about 10%-20% of the total cost. However, when one tries to sell the same ornament, the value obtained is only of the weight of gold, making charges paid earlier do not fetch any value.
In the year 2010, National Spot Exchange (NSE) introduced E-Gold in India. E-Gold allows investors to invest in gold with much lower denominations (1gm or 2gm) than physical gold. It is more convenient to buy and sell e-gold. Like we buy physical gold from shops and banks, we can buy e-gold electronically on the internet from the exchange. E-gold can be converted into physical gold at any moment of time. One of the benefits of investing in e-gold is that there is no holding cost of having the E-gold.
Gold Futures refer to a deal in which an individual agrees to take delivery of gold at a determined date by making an initial payment, with the complete payment to be made as per the agreement. This trade is based on speculation, with an element of high risk involved. Gold Futures are traded on the MCX and the price of gold futures track gold prices. Gold Futures are risky investments, as one has to settle the contract, even if they make a loss.
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