Know Your Customer, commonly known as KYC, enables a bank or a financial institution in authenticating the identity of its customers. This helps in prohibiting money-laundering activities and further ensures that the deposits/investments are made in the name of a real person and not fictitious one. KYC is a government-required compliance that all mutual fund investors have to adhere to.
Money laundering is one of the major menaces of any country’s economy. Financial institutions and the government are constantly on the watch for such illegal activities. Mandating KYC or know your customer formalities for banking or investment transactions is an effective way to prevent this.
The primary objective is to ensure that the deposits/investments are made in the name of a real person and not fictitious one. It also helps to curb black money. Hence, Know Your Customer procedure is something that all mutual fund investors have to adhere to via a KYC Registration Agency (KRA). A SEBI-registered entity, KRA holds investors’ info in a single database that all fund houses and intermediaries can access. CAMS, NSE, and KDMS are few agencies many investors are familiar with.
An individual who wants to invest in Mutual Funds must submit KYC documents to be able to invest. However, such documents need to be submitted only once (in the initial stage) to the intermediaries such as fund companies, brokerages or mutual fund distributors. As per KYC norms for Mutual Funds introduced in 2012, the customers who comply with KYC norms don’t have to separately submit their PAN card. Before the implementation of these norms, customers had to deposit a copy of their PAN card for the investments which amounted to be ₹50,000 or more in one financial year.
SEBI later announced a common KYC process in order to add uniformity and consistency across SEBI-registered intermediaries including Portfolio Managers, Mutual Fund Companies, Venture Capital Funds, Stock Brokers and many others. This implementation brings duplication of KYC documents to zero and makes it easier for investors to invest in mutual funds without any inconvenience.
Investors need to present KYC documents just once before making investments. The KYC Registration Agencies (KRAs) registered under SEBI have accurate records of all KYC documents. After going through the process in the securities market, KRAs are responsible for sharing the details with other intermediaries whom you consider for future investments.
The mutual fund, if invested well, is one way to build your wealth faster. As a diligently monitored investment scheme, Know Your Customer is the first step to mutual fund investment. You may be already KYC-compliant though. It is now very easy to check KYC your status online for free by clicking here.
CDSL Ventures Limited, nominated by the mutual fund industry, has the authority to conduct the procedure to be compliant with KYC. The process of KYC can be successfully completed either offline or online. Here is a glimpse of both the processes.
Download the KYC application form from the CDSL Ventures website and fill in the required details
Sign and submit a physical copy of the form to the specified authorities or intermediaries through whom you wish to invest in mutual funds
Attach the photocopies of ID proof, residence proof and a passport size photo along with the form
Check Your KYC STATUS
Create an account on the KRA’s official website and fill in your personal details Provide your registered mobile number along with their aadhaar card number. You will receive an OTP to verify your phone number Upload a self-attested copy of e-Aadhaar and accept the consent declaration terms Check Your KYC STATUS
If you have the Aadhaar Card, you can opt for Aadhaar-based KYC. You may request an official from the fund house or agency to visit you at home or office to collect the details. Submit a copy of your Aadhaar to the fund house or broker or distributor, and they will map your fingerprints on their scanner and link it to the Aadhaar database. By matching the fingerprint to that in the database, your details there will pop up. This means that they have validated your KYC before proceeding with your mutual fund investment. Check Your KYC STATUS
Investors need to submit a valid ID proof, a proof of address and a passport sized photograph along with their KYC application form: