The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has come up with eKYC to make improvements to customer services. eKYC is a paperless, aadhaar based process for fulfilling norms of KYC for Mutual Fund Investments. Aadhaar eKYC simplifies KYC registration, wherein the customers need to submit their details digitally, such as— aadhaar number, PAN, aadhaar-registered mobile number and Bank details. eKYC for Mutual Funds has made the investment process easy & convenient for users by eliminating turnaround paper work and time. During the KYC process, you may need to check your KYC Status, do KYC verification, etc., as explained in this article.
Investors can check their KYC status by entering their PAN details by clicking link below.
NOTE: e-KYC is being discontinued as per Supreme CourtThe Supreme Court declared the portion of Section 57 of the Aadhaar Act that enabled private companies to use Aadhaar for establishing the identity of an individual, “unconstitutional”.
If you are a resident of India, you can get your eKYC done through any of the SEBI (The Securities and Exchange Board of India)- registered intermediaries like banks, Mutual Funds or KRAs. All an investor should have is an Aadhaar card. If one doesn’t have an Aadhaar, you will have to get the In-Personal Verification (IPV) done either through live video with the intermediary or by visiting their office. But, the procedure to follow for eKYC with Aadhaar is fairly easy and convenient:
Go to the site of the intermediary (Fincash.com) (who provides Aadhaar based KYC) and choose an option of eKYC. Do EKYC
Enter Pan Details for validation of name etc. of an investor.
Enter Your aadhaar number to receive an OTP on your Aadhaar based registered mobile number
Enter OTP recieved from Aadhar to fetch KYC details from Aadhaar UADAI systems. Once validated you will move to nest step.
Your personal details will be retrieved from the Aadhaar database and you’ll be asked to confirm those details and provide other additional details
Final Step if to submit the details to once submitted generally a ekyc number is provided which you can ask your Intermeditary to provide.
A user can invest up to INR 50,000 p.a./Fund house after a successful eKYC. If one wants to transact without any limits, then one needs to go for biometric identification.
In case, if you are not able to invest in a fund, there might be some issue in the registration process, thus you need to check your KYC status. For better understanding, we have listed down what each KYC Status stands for:
KYC Under Process: Your KYC documents are being accepted by the KRA and it is under process.
KYC on Hold: Your KYC process is on hold due to the discrepancy in the KYC documents. The documents/details that are incorrect need to be re-submitted.
KYC Rejected: Your KYC has been rejected by the KRA after verification of PAN details and other KYC documents. This means that you need to submit a fresh KYC Form with relevant documents.
Not Available: Your KYC record is not available in any KRAs.
Aforementioned 5 KYC statuses can also reflect as Incomplete/Existing/Old KYC. Under such a status, you may need to submit fresh KYC documents to update your KYC records.
Investors who want to get their KYC done biometrically have to visit any one of the branches of the AMC. The key advantage of the biometric system (on completion of KYC), is that there will be no upper limit on how much an investor wants to invest in a fund. It works this way:
The following table shows the difference between normal KYC and eKYC using Aadhaar for Mutual Fund Investments.
Let's have a look:
|Description||Normal KYC||eKYC||KYC Biometric|
|*PAN Card *||Required||Required||Required|
|Attestation of ID & Address Proof||Required||Not Required||Not Required|
|In-Personal Verification||Required||Not Required||Not Required|
|Branch Visit||Required||Not Required||Not Required|
|Amount of Purchase||No Limit||INR 50,000 p.a/AMC||No Upper Limit|
There is over 900 million Aadhaar card registered users in India and over 170 million PAN card holders. With Aadhaar eKYC process it has become much easier to tap the masses who hold both the Aadhaar card and the PAN card. Due to a digital process, the management of the documents is eliminated. It speeds up the transactions and cuts off the time required for detailed paperwork. Also, customer convenience and services are enhanced which can attract more people to invest in Mutual Funds. Because of a centralised process and digitally stored information, it is economical for both customer and the Asset Management Companies(AMCs). Also, due to digitisation, there is a transparency in the process and less chance of some forgery or misconduct.
The only current limitation on eKYC is that an investor can invest up to INR 50,000 p.a. per fund house. To be eligible to invest more than that, an investor needs to complete In-personal verification (IPV) or do the biometric identification. Also, one needs to sign physically for an offline transaction.
This move is a boost to individual’s, AMC’s and the strength of the Aadhaar card itself. Individuals interested in making an investment in mutual funds can now simply do so by sending an SMS instead of going through the many rigorous procedures which were earlier required for registration. eKYC is also a boost to the AMC’s since it is a new route for KYC. Because of this, AMC databases will automatically increase due to new users being signed up with an easy process. It also increases the value of the Aadhaar card as an extremely rigorous process is simplified if one possesses an Aadhaar card for making an investment in mutual funds. As a result, SEBI’s e-KYC guidelines have made the process of Investing much simpler than before.
Aadhaar based e-KYC is an electronic and 100% paperless process for first-time investors to Mutual Funds to complete their KYC formality using their Aadhaar Number.
** If I have done KYC, should I need to do eKYC too?**
If you have already done your KYC, you don’t need to do an electronic KYC (eKYC). For those who have already initiated their KYC and have an acknowledgment and the status from their KRAs (KYC Registration Agency), eKYC is not applicable to them. A first-time investor (Indian Resident) who has not done his/her KYC, and have an Aadhaar and PAN Card, can do an eKYC.
At present, the e-KYC process works only for those who have a PAN Card. Check EKYC
The OTP sent by UIDAI might be delayed on account of network congestion. In the event of non-receipt, you may regenerate the OTP or restart the process by clicking here Re - EKYC
Important Points to Remember:
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