How to Invest in a Mutual Fund for Beginners? Newbies are always confused about how to invest in Mutual Fund. Though Mutual Fund is a good investment option, there are various questions that run into their mind related to Mutual Fund basics, best mutual funds for beginners, having an understanding about Mutual Funds and much more. In brief, Mutual Funds are an investment avenue in which invests the money deposited by numerous investors in various financial instruments. Mutual Funds are one of the prominent avenues with many individuals choosing it. These schemes help individuals to achieve their objectives. So, let us understand the various aspects of Mutual Funds through this article.
To begin with, let us first understand what exactly is a Mutual Fund. In short words, Mutual Fund is an investment avenue which is formed when a number of individuals sharing a common objective of trading in shares and Bonds come together and invest their money. These individuals get units of the Mutual Fund against the money invested and are known as unitholders. The company managing Mutual Fund schemes are known as Asset Management Company. The person-in-charge of a Mutual Fund scheme is known as Fund Manager. Mutual Fund industry in India is well-regulated with Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) being its regulator. SEBI forms the framework within the boundaries of which Mutual Fund companies function.
If you are new to Mutual Fund investment, you should be very careful while choosing the scheme. Choosing an improper scheme can result in losses and eat away your investments. So, let us look at the process of how to choose best Mutual Funds for Beginners.
Any investment is done to accomplish a particular objective, for example, purchasing a house, purchasing a vehicle, planning for higher education, and much more. Therefore, determining the investment objective helps to determine various parameters.
After determining the investment objective, the next parameter to be determined is the investment tenure. Determining the tenure helps on to decide which category of schemes can be chosen for investment. For instance, if the investment tenure is low then you can choose Debt fund and if the investment tenure is high; then you can choose Equity Funds.
You also need to determine the expected return and risk-appetite. Determining the expected return and risk-appetite also act as a guideline to deciding on the type of the scheme.
Post deciding on the various factors such as returns and risk-appetite you should shift your focus on the performance of the scheme. Here, you should check the fund age, its previous track record, and other related parameters. Along with the scheme, you should also check on the credentials of the fund house. Moreover, also check the credentials of the fund manager managing the scheme.
Once invested, individuals should not just a back seat. Instead, you should review your investments timely and rebalance your portfolio timely. This will help you to earn effectively.
Mutual Fund schemes designed to suit the diverse requirements and preferences of individuals. So, let us look at some of the basic Mutual Fund categories.
Equity funds are the schemes that invest the accumulated pool of money in equity-related instruments. Various categories of equity funds include Large cap funds, mid cap funds, and Small cap funds. Beginners need to do a proper analysis before Investing in equity schemes. They can invest in equity funds through SIP mode. Even if they choose to invest in equity funds, they can choose to invest in large cap funds. Some of the Best Large Cap Funds that can be chosen for investment include:
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2021 (%) Axis Bluechip Fund Growth ₹40.48
₹35,702 -9 -15.2 1.4 12.4 13.2 20.6 Canara Robeco Bluechip Equity Fund Growth ₹37.84
₹6,647 -7.7 -10.9 4.8 16 12.9 24.5 ICICI Prudential Bluechip Fund Growth ₹61.38
₹31,688 -6.2 -7.9 10.4 14.1 11.7 29.2 Edelweiss Large Cap Fund Growth ₹50.11
₹327 -6.2 -9.9 6.3 12.8 11.3 23.4 Kotak Bluechip Fund Growth ₹343.545
₹4,132 -6.3 -10.7 7.1 14.8 11.1 27.7 Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 18 May 22
These schemes invest their corpus in fixed Income instruments. Debt funds are a good option for short and medium term and their prices fluctuate less as compared to equity funds. For beginners, debt funds are one of the good Mutual Funds to start with. The risk appetite of these schemes are comparatively lower than equity funds. Some of the best Mutual Funds for beginners under debt category are:
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 2021 (%) Debt Yield (YTM) Mod. Duration Eff. Maturity Franklin India Ultra Short Bond Fund - Super Institutional Plan Growth ₹34.5024
₹292 3.9 8.2 15.6 9.1 11.9 0% 1Y 1M 21D Edelweiss Government Securities Fund Growth ₹19.6556
₹113 -1.1 -0.8 1.5 8.2 4.1 5.2% 3Y 7M 6D 5Y 9M 22D DSP BlackRock Government Securities Fund Growth ₹75.612
₹414 -0.9 -0.8 1.7 8.1 3.1 4.78% 1Y 9M 7D 2Y 1M 6D SBI Magnum Gilt Fund Growth ₹51.8161
₹3,554 -0.4 -0.1 2 8.1 3 4.43% 1Y 1M 28D 1Y 4M 2D Edelweiss Banking and PSU Debt Fund Growth ₹19.5461
₹427 -2.2 -1.4 1.5 8 4.5 6.8% 5Y 1M 28D 7Y 11D Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 18 May 22
Also known as Liquid Funds these schemes invest their fund money in Fixed Income instruments having very short maturity period. Beginners can choose to invest in money market Mutual Funds as it is one of the safe investment avenues. This scheme is suitable for investors whose have idle funds lying in their Bank account and wish to earn more as compared savings bank account. Some of the best money Market Mutual Funds for beginners are:
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 1 MO (%) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 2021 (%) Debt Yield (YTM) Mod. Duration Eff. Maturity Nippon India Money Market Fund Growth ₹3,329.23
₹8,112 0.1 0.8 1.8 3.7 3.8 4.44% 5M 6D 5M 13D UTI Money Market Fund Growth ₹2,472.6
₹8,340 0.1 0.7 1.7 3.6 3.7 4.59% 6M 14D 6M 15D Kotak Money Market Scheme Growth ₹3,608.85
₹12,178 0.1 0.7 1.7 3.6 3.7 4.61% 5M 23D 5M 23D Aditya Birla Sun Life Money Manager Fund Growth ₹296.653
₹15,982 0 0.6 1.6 3.6 3.8 4.52% 5M 8D 5M 12D Tata Money Market Fund Growth ₹3,790.06
₹7,105 0 0.6 1.6 3.5 3.9 4.56% 6M 21D 6M 22D Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 18 May 22
These schemes are also known as hybrid funds. These schemes invest their corpus in both equity and debt funds. Beginners can also choose to prefer in hybrid funds as it helps them to earn regular income along with Capital appreciation. Some of the best Mutual Funds for beginners under Balanced Fund category include:
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2021 (%) BOI AXA Mid and Small Cap Equity and Debt Fund Growth ₹21.2
₹367 -5.7 -9.3 14.4 20.4 12.5 54.5 ICICI Prudential Equity and Debt Fund Growth ₹219.13
₹19,274 -2 -0.8 20.6 18.6 13.4 41.7 ICICI Prudential Multi-Asset Fund Growth ₹427.974
₹13,115 -0.1 1.7 20.9 18 12.9 34.7 Kotak Equity Hybrid Fund Growth ₹38.097
₹2,512 -3.5 -5.6 9.4 16.3 10.6 28.9 Sundaram Equity Hybrid Fund Growth ₹135.137
₹1,954 0.5 10.5 27.1 16 14.2
Solution oriented schemes are helpful for those investors who wish to create long-term wealth that mainly includes Retirement planning and a child’s future education by investing in Mutual Funds. Earlier, these plans were a part of equity or balanced schemes, but as per SEBI’s new circulation, these funds are separately categorised under solution oriented schemes. Also these schemes used to have a lock-in for three years, but now these funds have a mandatory lock-in of five years.
Fund NAV Net Assets (Cr) 3 MO (%) 6 MO (%) 1 YR (%) 3 YR (%) 5 YR (%) 2021 (%) HDFC Retirement Savings Fund - Equity Plan Growth ₹27.567
₹2,099 -2.1 -6.5 14.9 19 13.3 42.5 Axis Childrens Gift Fund - Compulsory Lock-In Growth ₹18.5679
₹717 -7.6 -11.7 5.8 12.8 10.5 26.7 HDFC Retirement Savings Fund - Hybrid - Equity Plan Growth ₹23.403
₹802 -3.8 -8.8 5 12.6 10.3 24.6 Tata Retirement Savings Fund - Progressive Growth ₹38.7517
₹1,196 -5.8 -13.4 2.8 11 9.1 23.3 Tata Retirement Savings Fund-Moderate Growth ₹39.5665
₹1,574 -5 -10.9 3.9 10.3 8.6 20.5
Individuals can invest in Mutual Funds either through SIP or lump sum mode. In SIP or Systematic Investment plan, the investments take place at regular intervals in a small amount. Contrarily, in lump sum mode, a considerable amount is deposited as a one-shot activity. For beginners, it is always preferable to invest through SIP mode. This is because, since the investment amount is small, it does not hamper people’s current budget. SIP is done generally in the context of equity funds in which individuals can earn more if they hold their investment for a longer tenure. In addition, SIP has a lot of advantages such as the Power of Compounding, rupee cost averaging, and disciplined savings habit.
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mutual fund calculator is also known sip calculator. It is one of the tools that help individuals to determine the SIP amount. This calculator helps individuals to determine the savings amount that they need to today for attaining their future objectives. The calculator also shows how the value of SIP grows over a period of time in a virtual environment.
The advancements in technology have eased out the life of individuals even in terms of investment. Individuals can invest in Mutual Funds through online mode in just a few clicks. People can transact in Mutual Funds at any time and from anywhere through online mode. Individuals opting for online mode can invest in Mutual Funds either through distributors or through the fund house directly. However, it is always advised to invest through Mutual Fund Distributors as individuals can find a number of schemes of various fund houses under one roof.
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Thus, from the above points, it can be said that Mutual Funds are one of the prominent investment avenues. However, it is advised that before in any scheme people should understand its modalities completely. In addition, they should ensure whether the scheme’s approach is in-line with their objectives. If required, people can also consult a financial consultant. This will help individuals by ensuring that their investment is safe and paves way for wealth creation.
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