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Short Term Debt Funds or Short Duration Funds | Best Short Term Plans

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Short Term Debt Funds or Short Duration Funds

Updated on June 22, 2022 , 5525 views

As the name suggests, Short term debt funds, also known as short duration funds, are typically Debt Mutual Funds that invest money for a short duration, usually less than 3 years. Also known as Short Term Income Funds, Short term debt funds invest in debt instruments and money market instruments that include Bank papers (also called Certificate of Deposits), government papers(G-secs) and commercial papers (CPs). This Mutual Fund scheme is suitable for investors who prioritise Capital preservation, but also wish to invest for a predominantly longer period to earn good returns over the long term (between 1-3 years). Investors who are willing to invest for a short duration of 1-3 years can look at short term bond funds. Short term debt products can benefit from the interest Accruals in the debt portfolio and from the tactical exposure to higher duration debt by the respective fund manager.

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Features of Short Duration (Short-Term) Debt Funds

Some of the prominent features of short term funds are:

Liquidity

The short term debt funds are highly liquid as the maturity period is short and the investments avenues allow liquidity. Usually, there are no entry and exit loads charged on these funds. However, some short term debt funds do charge an exit load if the exit is made in a few months. So, the investors are suggested to invest wisely considering all the parameters.

Returns

When it comes to investing in Mutual Funds, returns are what people actually look for. However, this should not be the only parameter while choosing a best short term Debt fund to invest. In the recent reports, RBI stated that the investors would earn better returns by Investing in short to mid-term funds that invest in instruments having a maturity between of one to five years. Generally, the fund managers handling such funds prefer investing in high credit rating securities. Thus, ensuring the least possibility of Default by the issuers providing safety to investors’ capital. Currently, short term debt funds with a maturity period of one-three years give annualised returns of 9-10% p.a. Investors should not just chase returns, but also look at the credit quality of the portfolio. If you are a conservative investor then it makes sense to ensure that give away some returns for the extra safety.

Interest Rate Risk

Given the short term nature of these funds, the returns are not much affected by Inflation and there is a lesser interest rate risk. Typically, short term debt funds generate income from the interest earned on short to medium term Bonds. This accrual income, meaning the accumulated interest, gets added to the Net Asset Value and becomes your final return. Since you know these funds provide steady income, therefore, the returns are less volatile as compared to other long-term income funds. Some short term funds do carry a bit of interest rate risk, this can be measured by a parameter called duration of the portfolio. One can even look at the average maturity of the portfolio. Both these parameters are available on the fact sheets of the scheme. Just remember a simple rule, higher the duration or maturity higher the interest rate risk! If interest rates fall, then this is positive, however, if rates rise, then the returns would be negatively impacted.

Investment Horizons

Short term debt funds do not invest in instruments that have a very long maturity as they try to maintain lower interest rate risk and offer better tax-adjusted returns. Since these funds provide stable returns in a time period of one to three years, investors should try to match the investment timeline with the average maturity of the fund. The instruments they invest in include money Market instruments like bonds, Commercial Paper and certificate of deposits etc.

Active Management Required

Being a short term investment, these funds do not require heavy active management by the fund manager. Once the portions of the portfolio are allotted, the need of actively managing (buying and selling units) the investments is lower, having said this the fund manager needs to ensure that interest rate views are incorporated and he/she is vigilant on the credit quality of the portfolio as well as new opportunities. Their aim to provide steady returns is achieved by ensuring regular active management of the fund.

Dividend Payout

Short term debt funds also offer an option of dividend payout. With this option, the investors can get dividends at regular interval mostly monthly and fortnightly. However, the dividends paid by these funds attract a DDT (Dividend Distribution Tax) of 25% for individual investors.

Benefits of Short Duration (Short-Term) Funds

  • The short term bond funds have a shorter maturity so they generally offer safe and stable returns.
  • The fluctuations in interest rates of the debt market have a marginal to the insignificant effect on the returns of short term debt funds.
  • Being sensitive to changing the interest rate, short term bond funds usually perform better than other funds who are affected by the market fluctuations.
  • The liquidity of these funds is high. So, the investors can easily withdraw their investment in case of emergencies.
  • Typically, most of the best short term debt funds do not charge any fee for withdrawal. So, there is minimal to no exit load.
  • Short term debt funds are tax efficient. The tax charged on the interest of these funds is much less than that of fixed bank deposits.

Top Short Duration (Short-Term) Debt Funds 2022

Some of the best short term debt funds include-

FundNAVNet Assets (Cr)3 MO (%)6 MO (%)1 YR (%)3 YR (%)2021 (%)Debt Yield (YTM)Mod. DurationEff. Maturity
Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan Growth ₹4,693.04
↑ 2.84
₹572-0.45.913.75.3150%2Y 1M 15D
Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund Growth ₹36.3802
↑ 0.01
₹3620.811.412.85.3 4.52%1Y 2M 13D1Y 7M 3D
UTI Short Term Income Fund Growth ₹25.5325
↑ 0.00
₹2,425-0.10.77.48.28.45.62%1Y 3M 18D2Y 2M 26D
BNP Paribas Short Term Fund Growth ₹25.4771
↓ -0.01
₹2580.61.34.66.5 5.16%1Y 11M 26D2Y 3M
Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund Growth ₹38.1705
↓ 0.00
₹5,724-0.10.82.96.63.87.17%1Y 7M 24D2Y 5M 12D
Note: Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR basis. as on 24 Jun 22
*Above is list of best Short Duration funds having AUM/Net Assets above 100 Crore. Sorted on Last 1 Year Return.

1. Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan

The objective of the Scheme is to provide investors stable returns by investing in fixed income securities.

Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan is a Debt - Short term Bond fund was launched on 31 Jan 02. It is a fund with Moderate risk and has given a CAGR/Annualized return of 7.9% since its launch.  Ranked 19 in Short term Bond category.  Return for 2021 was 15% , 2020 was -5.3% and 2019 was 4.2% .

Below is the key information for Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan

Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan
Growth
Launch Date 31 Jan 02
NAV (24 Jun 22) ₹4,693.04 ↑ 2.84   (0.06 %)
Net Assets (Cr) ₹572 on 15 Jun 22
Category Debt - Short term Bond
AMC Franklin Templeton Asst Mgmt(IND)Pvt Ltd
Rating
Risk Moderate
Expense Ratio 1.5
Sharpe Ratio 0.93
Information Ratio -0.18
Alpha Ratio 10.68
Min Investment 5,000
Min SIP Investment 500
Exit Load 0-1 Years (0.5%),1 Years and above(NIL)
Yield to Maturity 0%
Effective Maturity 2 Years 1 Month 15 Days
Modified Duration

Growth of 10,000 investment over the years.

DateValue
31 May 17₹10,000
31 May 18₹10,700
31 May 19₹11,723
31 May 20₹10,873
31 May 21₹11,917
31 May 22₹13,611

Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan SIP Returns

   
My Monthly Investment:
Investment Tenure:
Years
Expected Annual Returns:
%
Total investment amount is ₹180,000
expected amount after 3 Years is ₹200,132.
Net Profit of ₹20,132
Invest Now

Purchase not allowed

Returns for Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan

Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) basis. as on 24 Jun 22

DurationReturns
1 Month 0.3%
3 Month -0.4%
6 Month 5.9%
1 Year 13.7%
3 Year 5.3%
5 Year 6.2%
10 Year
15 Year
Since launch 7.9%
Historical performance (Yearly) on absolute basis
YearReturns
2021 15%
2020 -5.3%
2019 4.2%
2018 8.8%
2017 8.6%
2016 8.3%
2015 9.1%
2014 11.7%
2013 9%
2012 10%
Fund Manager information for Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan
NameSinceTenure
Santosh Kamath24 Jun 165.94 Yr.
Kunal Agrawal24 Jun 165.94 Yr.

Data below for Franklin India Short Term Income Plan - Retail Plan as on 15 Jun 22

Asset Allocation
Asset ClassValue
Cash14%
Debt86%
Debt Sector Allocation
SectorValue
Corporate86%
Cash Equivalent14%
Credit Quality
RatingValue
A100%
Top Securities Holdings / Portfolio
NameHoldingValueQuantity
Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority
Debentures | -
40%₹228 Cr11,135
Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority
Debentures | -
38%₹218 Cr10,675
SBI Overnight Fund Dir Gr
Investment Fund | -
10%₹56 Cr161,560
↓ -14
Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority
Debentures | -
8%₹44 Cr2,125
Rivaaz TRade Ventures Private Limited
Debentures | -
0%₹0 Cr800
Rivaaz TRade Ventures Private Limited
Debentures | -
0%₹0 Cr350
Rivaaz TRade Ventures Private Limited
Debentures | -
0%₹0 Cr1,000
Future Ideas Company Limited
Debentures | -
0%₹0 Cr300
Call, Cash & Other Assets
Net Current Assets | -
4%₹24 Cr

2. Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund

(Erstwhile Sundaram Select Debt Short Term Asset Fund)

To earn regular income by investing primarily in fixed income securities, which may be paid as dividend or reinvested at the option of the investor. A secondary objective is to attempt to keep the value of its units reasonably stable.

Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund is a Debt - Short term Bond fund was launched on 5 Sep 02. It is a fund with Moderately Low risk and has given a CAGR/Annualized return of 6.9% since its launch.  Ranked 56 in Short term Bond category. .

Below is the key information for Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund

Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund
Growth
Launch Date 5 Sep 02
NAV (31 Dec 21) ₹36.3802 ↑ 0.01   (0.03 %)
Net Assets (Cr) ₹362 on 30 Nov 21
Category Debt - Short term Bond
AMC Sundaram Asset Management Company Ltd
Rating
Risk Moderately Low
Expense Ratio 0.96
Sharpe Ratio 0.98
Information Ratio 0
Alpha Ratio 0
Min Investment 5,000
Min SIP Investment 250
Exit Load NIL
Yield to Maturity 4.52%
Effective Maturity 1 Year 7 Months 3 Days
Modified Duration 1 Year 2 Months 13 Days

Growth of 10,000 investment over the years.

DateValue
31 May 17₹10,000
31 May 18₹10,492
31 May 19₹11,369
31 May 20₹10,869
31 May 21₹11,494

Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund SIP Returns

   
My Monthly Investment:
Investment Tenure:
Years
Expected Annual Returns:
%
Total investment amount is ₹180,000
expected amount after 3 Years is ₹197,169.
Net Profit of ₹17,169
Invest Now

Returns for Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund

Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) basis. as on 24 Jun 22

DurationReturns
1 Month 0.2%
3 Month 0.8%
6 Month 11.4%
1 Year 12.8%
3 Year 5.3%
5 Year 5.6%
10 Year
15 Year
Since launch 6.9%
Historical performance (Yearly) on absolute basis
YearReturns
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
Fund Manager information for Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund
NameSinceTenure

Data below for Sundaram Short Term Debt Fund as on 30 Nov 21

Asset Allocation
Asset ClassValue
Debt Sector Allocation
SectorValue
Credit Quality
RatingValue
Top Securities Holdings / Portfolio
NameHoldingValueQuantity

3. UTI Short Term Income Fund

To generate steady and reasonable income with low risk and high level of liquidity from a portfolio of money market securities and high quality debt.

UTI Short Term Income Fund is a Debt - Short term Bond fund was launched on 19 Sep 07. It is a fund with Moderate risk and has given a CAGR/Annualized return of 6.6% since its launch.  Ranked 10 in Short term Bond category.  Return for 2021 was 8.4% , 2020 was 10.5% and 2019 was -3.9% .

Below is the key information for UTI Short Term Income Fund

UTI Short Term Income Fund
Growth
Launch Date 19 Sep 07
NAV (24 Jun 22) ₹25.5325 ↑ 0.00   (0.01 %)
Net Assets (Cr) ₹2,425 on 31 May 22
Category Debt - Short term Bond
AMC UTI Asset Management Company Ltd
Rating
Risk Moderate
Expense Ratio 0.93
Sharpe Ratio 0.89
Information Ratio 0
Alpha Ratio 0
Min Investment 10,000
Min SIP Investment 500
Exit Load NIL
Yield to Maturity 5.62%
Effective Maturity 2 Years 2 Months 26 Days
Modified Duration 1 Year 3 Months 18 Days

Growth of 10,000 investment over the years.

DateValue
31 May 17₹10,000
31 May 18₹10,493
31 May 19₹11,263
31 May 20₹11,024
31 May 21₹11,753
31 May 22₹12,665

UTI Short Term Income Fund SIP Returns

   
My Monthly Investment:
Investment Tenure:
Years
Expected Annual Returns:
%
Total investment amount is ₹180,000
expected amount after 3 Years is ₹194,235.
Net Profit of ₹14,235
Invest Now

Returns for UTI Short Term Income Fund

Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) basis. as on 24 Jun 22

DurationReturns
1 Month 0.1%
3 Month -0.1%
6 Month 0.7%
1 Year 7.4%
3 Year 8.2%
5 Year 4.7%
10 Year
15 Year
Since launch 6.6%
Historical performance (Yearly) on absolute basis
YearReturns
2021 8.4%
2020 10.5%
2019 -3.9%
2018 6%
2017 6.1%
2016 10.1%
2015 8.3%
2014 10.9%
2013 9%
2012 11.2%
Fund Manager information for UTI Short Term Income Fund
NameSinceTenure
Sudhir Agarwal25 Oct 129.61 Yr.

Data below for UTI Short Term Income Fund as on 31 May 22

Asset Allocation
Asset ClassValue
Cash30.77%
Debt69.23%
Debt Sector Allocation
SectorValue
Corporate38.18%
Government31.05%
Cash Equivalent30.77%
Credit Quality
RatingValue
AA27.67%
AAA72.33%
Top Securities Holdings / Portfolio
NameHoldingValueQuantity
Axis Finance Limited
Debentures | -
6%₹159 Cr1,600
5.53% Govt Stock 2033
Sovereign Bonds | -
4%₹104 Cr1,050,000,000
Power Grid Corporation Of India Limited
Debentures | -
4%₹102 Cr1,000
National Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development
Debentures | -
4%₹99 Cr1,000
Power Finance Corporation Ltd.
Debentures | -
3%₹75 Cr750
India Grid TRust
Debentures | -
3%₹75 Cr750
Mahindra Rural Housing Finance Limited
Debentures | -
3%₹68 Cr700
Can Fin Homes Limited
Debentures | -
3%₹63 Cr650
TATA Motors Finance Limited
Debentures | -
2%₹59 Cr600
7.68% Govt Stock 2023
Sovereign Bonds | -
2%₹51 Cr500,000,000

4. BNP Paribas Short Term Fund

(Erstwhile BNP Paribas Short Term Income Fund)

The primary objective of the Scheme is to provide income consistent with the prudent risk from a portfolio comprising various debt and money market instruments. However, there can be no assurance that the investment objective of the Scheme will be achieved. The Scheme / Plan(s) do not guarantee / indicate any returns.

BNP Paribas Short Term Fund is a Debt - Short term Bond fund was launched on 13 Sep 04. It is a fund with Moderately Low risk and has given a CAGR/Annualized return of 5.5% since its launch.  Ranked 41 in Short term Bond category. .

Below is the key information for BNP Paribas Short Term Fund

BNP Paribas Short Term Fund
Growth
Launch Date 13 Sep 04
NAV (11 Mar 22) ₹25.4771 ↓ -0.01   (-0.02 %)
Net Assets (Cr) ₹258 on 15 Feb 22
Category Debt - Short term Bond
AMC BNP Paribas Asset Mgmt India Pvt. Ltd
Rating
Risk Moderately Low
Expense Ratio 0.98
Sharpe Ratio 0.07
Information Ratio -0.85
Alpha Ratio -1.04
Min Investment 5,000
Min SIP Investment 300
Exit Load NIL
Yield to Maturity 5.16%
Effective Maturity 2 Years 3 Months
Modified Duration 1 Year 11 Months 26 Days

Growth of 10,000 investment over the years.

DateValue
31 May 17₹10,000
31 May 18₹10,528
31 May 19₹11,422
31 May 20₹12,288
31 May 21₹13,137

BNP Paribas Short Term Fund SIP Returns

   
My Monthly Investment:
Investment Tenure:
Years
Expected Annual Returns:
%
Total investment amount is ₹180,000
expected amount after 3 Years is ₹200,132.
Net Profit of ₹20,132
Invest Now

Returns for BNP Paribas Short Term Fund

Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) basis. as on 24 Jun 22

DurationReturns
1 Month 0.2%
3 Month 0.6%
6 Month 1.3%
1 Year 4.6%
3 Year 6.5%
5 Year 6.6%
10 Year
15 Year
Since launch 5.5%
Historical performance (Yearly) on absolute basis
YearReturns
2021
2020
2019
2018
2017
2016
2015
2014
2013
2012
Fund Manager information for BNP Paribas Short Term Fund
NameSinceTenure

Data below for BNP Paribas Short Term Fund as on 15 Feb 22

Asset Allocation
Asset ClassValue
Debt Sector Allocation
SectorValue
Credit Quality
RatingValue
Top Securities Holdings / Portfolio
NameHoldingValueQuantity

5. Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund

An Open ended Income scheme with the objective to generate regular income by investing primarily in investment grade fixed income securities / money market instruments with short to medium term maturities and across the credit spectrum within the universe of investment grade rating.

Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund is a Debt - Short term Bond fund was launched on 9 May 03. It is a fund with Moderate risk and has given a CAGR/Annualized return of 7.3% since its launch.  Ranked 18 in Short term Bond category.  Return for 2021 was 3.8% , 2020 was 11.1% and 2019 was 8.5% .

Below is the key information for Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund

Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund
Growth
Launch Date 9 May 03
NAV (24 Jun 22) ₹38.1705 ↓ 0.00   (-0.01 %)
Net Assets (Cr) ₹5,724 on 15 Jun 22
Category Debt - Short term Bond
AMC Birla Sun Life Asset Management Co Ltd
Rating
Risk Moderate
Expense Ratio 1.09
Sharpe Ratio -0.47
Information Ratio 0
Alpha Ratio 0
Min Investment 1,000
Min SIP Investment 1,000
Exit Load 0-90 Days (0.5%),90 Days and above(NIL)
Yield to Maturity 7.17%
Effective Maturity 2 Years 5 Months 12 Days
Modified Duration 1 Year 7 Months 24 Days

Growth of 10,000 investment over the years.

DateValue
31 May 17₹10,000
31 May 18₹10,491
31 May 19₹11,431
31 May 20₹12,339
31 May 21₹13,472
31 May 22₹13,902

Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund SIP Returns

   
My Monthly Investment:
Investment Tenure:
Years
Expected Annual Returns:
%
Total investment amount is ₹180,000
expected amount after 3 Years is ₹200,132.
Net Profit of ₹20,132
Invest Now

Returns for Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund

Returns up to 1 year are on absolute basis & more than 1 year are on CAGR (Compound Annual Growth Rate) basis. as on 24 Jun 22

DurationReturns
1 Month 0.1%
3 Month -0.1%
6 Month 0.8%
1 Year 2.9%
3 Year 6.6%
5 Year 6.6%
10 Year
15 Year
Since launch 7.3%
Historical performance (Yearly) on absolute basis
YearReturns
2021 3.8%
2020 11.1%
2019 8.5%
2018 6.5%
2017 5.6%
2016 11.3%
2015 8.4%
2014 11.3%
2013 10.1%
2012 11.1%
Fund Manager information for Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund
NameSinceTenure
Kaustubh Gupta11 Sep 147.72 Yr.
Mohit Sharma6 Aug 201.82 Yr.

Data below for Aditya Birla Sun Life Short Term Opportunities Fund as on 15 Jun 22

Asset Allocation
Asset ClassValue
Cash21.42%
Debt78.58%
Debt Sector Allocation
SectorValue
Corporate50.26%
Government32.84%
Cash Equivalent14.82%
Securitized2.07%
Credit Quality
RatingValue
A0.32%
AA17.53%
AAA82.06%
Below B0.08%
Top Securities Holdings / Portfolio
NameHoldingValueQuantity
National Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development
Debentures | -
3%₹295 Cr2,950
5.53% Govt Stock 2033
Sovereign Bonds | -
2%₹198 Cr20,000,000
L&T Finance Limited
Debentures | -
2%₹197 Cr1,950
Bajaj Housing Finance Limited
Debentures | -
2%₹186 Cr1,900
08.67 KA Sdl 2026
Sovereign Bonds | -
2%₹183 Cr17,500,000
08.92 MP Sdl 2022
Sovereign Bonds | -
2%₹151 Cr15,000,000
8.15% Govt Stock 2026
Sovereign Bonds | -
2%₹151 Cr14,500,000
Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited
Debentures | -
2%₹150 Cr1,500
State Bank Of India
Debentures | -
2%₹145 Cr1,500
Shriram Transport Finance Company Limited
Debentures | -
2%₹143 Cr1,400

Short Term Debt Fund Taxation

Tax implication on debt funds is computed in the following manner-

Short Term Capital Gains

If the holding period of a debt investment is less than 36 months, then it is classified as a short-term investment and these are taxed as per individual's tax slab.

Long Term Capital Gains

If the holding period of debt investment is more than 36 months, then it is classified as a long-term investment and is taxed at 20% with an indexation benefit.

Capital Gains Investment Holding Gains Taxation
Short Term Capital Gains Less than 36 months As per individual's tax slab
Long Term Capital Gains More than 36 months 20% with indexation benefits

Risks Involved with Short Term Mutual Funds

Alike all the financial securities, Short term debt funds have certain flaws as well. Some of the risks accompanying these funds include-

Risk-In-Short-Term-Debt-Funds

Risk of Rising Inflation

Short term debt funds are ideal having a short term financial goal of one to three years and not for long term. So, the investors who are looking for long term investments should invest in Equity Funds, which offers the benefits of rising inflation while yielding good returns.

Risk of Changing Interest Rates

The change in interest rate in the Economy has a little effect on short term debt funds, though the impact is very marginal. As the tenure of duration is short, the impact of interest rate changes in insignificant. However, investors should always look at the duration or maturity of the fund before making any conclusions. A high duration/maturity exposes the Fund to interest rate risk.

Risk of Credit

Usually, short term debt funds invest in instruments that have a high credit rating and have a safe track record. However, there are times when the asset managing company that is managing the fund defaults, the investor has to take the challenge of managing the risk on his own. So, the investors must keep this in mind and invest wisely. Hence, it is always advisable to look a getting into a fund with a good quality portfolio.

Disclaimer:
All efforts have been made to ensure the information provided here is accurate. However, no guarantees are made regarding correctness of data. Please verify with scheme information document before making any investment.
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